Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 7, Pages: 1-11
Gheraibia Haifa1*, Souiki Lynda2 , Bennoua Sara3 and Djebar Mohamed Reda1
1Cellular Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Biology, University of Badji Mokhtar Annaba, Algeria; [email protected], [email protected] 2Department of Biology, University of 8 May 1945 Guelma, Algeria; [email protected] 3Training and Education institute Professionals Bouhdid Annaba, Algerie
*Author for Correspondence
Cellular Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Biology, University of Badji Mokhtar Annaba, Algeria; [email protected]
Background: To study the effect salt stress on two varieties of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) “GTA dur” and “Simeto” variety. Methods: Seedlings of each variety were subjected to 0, 25, 50, 75, 100, 250 mMNaCl. Germination rate, leaves and roots length, protein contents, Relative Water Contents (RWC), sugars and proline concentrations were determined for seedlings treated with salt after 3, 6 and 9 days. Findings: Salt stress has caused morphological and physiological changes in leaves and roots. With the increase of salt concentrations and processing time,the germination rate, contents of total proteins, leaf and roots length and relative water content in the leaves and root of durum wheat were reduced. Sugars and proline levels in the leaves had shown an accumulation with the increase of salt concentrations and processing time, which reached the maximum at 9 days; the variations of these biochemical indicators were more significant in high concentrations of NaCl solution (100 mM). Improvements: Wheat seedlings when subjected to salt stress have developed a set of adaptive mechanisms such as morphological, physiological and biochemical changes, which enable them to perceive and respond specifically to different constraints.
Keywords: Germination, Proline, Salt Stress, Soluble Sugars, Triticum durum
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