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Comparison of Clustering Methods for Segmenting Color Images
  • P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 7, Pages: 670–677

Original Article

Comparison of Clustering Methods for Segmenting Color Images


Background/Objectives:Imagesegmentationis thefirst stepforanyimageprocessingbasedapplications.TheConventional methods are unable to produce good segmentation results for color images.
Methods/Statistical analysis: We present two soft computing approaches namely Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) clustering and SelfOrganizing Map (SOM) network are used to segment the color images. The segmentation results of FCM and SOM compared to the results of K-Means clustering.
Results/ Findings: Our experimental results shown that the Fuzzy C-Means and SOM produced the better results than K-means for segmenting complex color images. The time required for the training of SOM is higher.
Conclusion/Application: The trained SOM network reduced the execution time for segmenting color images. The performance of FCM and SOM is higher than the K-means for segmenting color images. Applications of color image segmentation are video surveillance, face recognition, fingerprint recognition, object detection, medical image analysis, and Automatic target detection.

Keywords: Clustering, FCM, Image Segmentation, K-Means, SOM, Subtractive Clustering


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