Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 46, Pages: 1-6
G. M. Mashkov, E. G. Borisov* and S. G. Egorov
*Author for correspondence
E. G. Borisov
The Bonch-Bruevich Saint-Petersburg State University of Telecommunications; [email protected]
Background/Objectives: The relevance of the current research is determined by the intensive development of multilateration systems which are widely used in time-positioning support systems. The authors propose to use the cooperative processing of coordinate information. Methods: In the present article a procedure of obtaining the ranging position lines with regard to each station is studied using a theory of redundant measurements which enables to implement cooperative processing. It is shown that using the least squares method, one can obtain the estimation of the required range-measurement parameters containing a minimum value of mean-square error. Findings: In our opinion, the new results of the study show that a multilateration system with one query station which forms a range line of position and with cooperative processing of Time Difference Of Arrival (TDOA) and Time Of Arrival (TOA), in some cases it is characterized by the improved accuracy compared to hyperbolic and elliptic systems. Measurement processing method studied in the present article enables to expand a system work area with respect to the accuracy for multilateration systems with short length base (distances between receiver stations). The offered procedures of radar data processing allow for a formation of range position lines that are indirectly obtained based on hyperbolic and elliptic lines of position. Cooperative processing of measurements in TOA and TDOA finding systems enables to improve the accuracy of the indirect range measurement. TDOA and TOA measurements do not improve the accuracy of the indirect range estimation with the offered method of measurement processing since the accuracy remains constant regardless of the number of stations. Application/ Improvements: The study results obtained could be used to upgrade the existing systems of aircraft position estimation and to make reasonable technical demands on the systems under development.
Keywords: Cooperative Processing, Geometric Dilution of Precision (GDOP), Range, Range–Difference, Total Range
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