• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2020, Volume: 13, Issue: 36, Pages: 3716-3724

Original Article

COVID-19 outbreak: An overview and India’s perspectives on the management of infection

Received Date:10 July 2020, Accepted Date:05 September 2020, Published Date:06 October 2020


Objectives: To provide an overview of COVID-19 including epidemiology, pathogenesis, transmission, clinical features, diagnosis, antiviral agents, prevention and risk management strategies in India. Methods: The inclusion criteria for this study were Indian population. The article discusses the COVID-19 confirmed cases, recovered and death cases from March, 2020 to till date in the Indian population. People who have been tested COVID-19 positive with aymptomatic or mild to moderate symptoms. Exclusion criteria consisted of patients with previous history of respiratory disease or other pneumonia. Findings: For the detection of SARS-CoV-2 infection, RT-PCR was found to be the most sensitive method. A Serological test used to detect the presence of SARSCoV-2 antibodies present in blood serum. In India, self-quarantine and physical distancing was found to be the effective way to prevent the spread of infection.Few clinically approved repurposing drugs such as Favipiravir, Remdesivir,Lopinavir/ Ritonavir, Hydroxychloroquine (or chloroquine) and Dexamethasone were entered into clinical trial in human. Improvement: This study will also help to raise awareness of the current pandemic among primary and secondary health care providers. Simultaneously, our review also focuses on the most up-to-date COVID-19 cases and risk management strategies in India. It also highlighted about vaccines that are being developed by various countries including India against SARS-CoV-2 infection. The clinical trials are ongoing with promising outcomes against this pandemic disease.

Keywords: COVID19; epidemiology; pathogenesis; diagnosis; antiviral agents;management


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© 2020 Jeyanthi & Kumar.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee).


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