• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2020, Volume: 13, Issue: 37, Pages: 3843-3849

Original Article

Design and implementation of a low cost electric bike for domestic purposes

Received Date:05 August 2020, Accepted Date:05 October 2020, Published Date:13 October 2020


Aim/ Objectives: The aim of this research work is to design and implement a low cost electric bike to use for day to day activities, to analyze the mileage of the bike for every charging per hour. Method: Initially the model of Hbridge driver circuitry is created to drive the BLDC motor in Proteus simulation software. PWM pulses are fed to H-bridge driver circuitry and response of the BLDC motor is studied. The speed control mechanism of BLDC motor driver is studied in simulation. Then the H-bridge converter circuitry is designed and developed to drive the BLDC motor. The assembly of BLDC motor and tyre is selected which act as rear wheel. The system is designed around Arduino microcontroller. Lithium ion battery is used to supply power. Program is developed for Arduino Uno microcontroller to generate PWM pulses which are fed to H-bridge driver. The performance of the BLDC motor driver is analyzed. After precise control of the motor and tyre assembly, the other subsystems like speedometer, indicator, accelerator, horn, braking system etc. are developed and tested. Motor controller and status monitoring controller acts in coordination due to which in any faulty or abnormality situation both interacts with each other to take necessary action. Finally the mechanical assembly and chassis is designed and developed. Findings: The bike developed in this work is found to be useful for day to day domestic uses. The maximum speed of 40km/ hr is achieved and upon charging for nearly 3 hours it travels around 70km.

Keywords: Low cost E-bike; electric vehicle; BLDC motor driver; microcontroller based E-bike


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© 2020 Pokharkar et al.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee).


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