• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2022, Volume: 15, Issue: 35, Pages: 1732-1737

Original Article

Effect of Tyre Waste on Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBFS) Based Concrete Blocks

Received Date:23 May 2022, Accepted Date:07 August 2022, Published Date:10 September 2022


Objectives: To determine the effect of tyre waste on its addition to Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) based Concrete Blocks in respect to compressive strength. Methods: Cube specimens of size 150 x 150 x 150 mm were casted with 45% replacement of cement by GGBS and tyre waste in different proportions 45%, 40%, 35%, 30% and 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% respectively. Cube specimens were kept in ambient conditions, so as to protect it from heat and cold, thus avoiding surface evaporation. After proper curing, compressive strengths were determined at 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days respectively. Findings: This research determined the exact quantity of tyre waste and GGBFS which can be used as a cement replacement in Concrete mix. It was found that maximum compressive strength was achieved at 45% GGBFS content and 0% Tyre waste content. Although tyre waste can be introduced up to 15% in the concrete mix and compressive strength is more than only OPC based concrete mix. Novelty: According to the findings of the comprehensive study, use of tyre waste at 15% and GGBFS at 30% in concrete mix reduces the requirement of cement, which finally plays a major role in reduction of construction cost by use of cheap tyre waste and less cement. It encourages us to use tyre waste on a larger scale in construction, along with the protection of environment. Keywords: Ground granulated blast furnace slag; compressive strength; tyre waste; Ordinary Portland Cement; Environment friendly


  1. Mhaya AM, Abidin ARZ, Sarbini NN, Ismail M. Role of crumb tyre aggregates in rubberised concrete contained granulated blast-furnace slag. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2019;220:012029. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/220/1/012029
  2. Khan AN, Bheel N, Ahmed M, Abbasi RA, Sohu S. Use of styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) polymer in cement concrete. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2020;13(05):606–616. Available from: https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2020/v013i05/148936
  3. Michalik A, Chyliński F, Bobrowicz J, Pichór W. Effectiveness of Concrete Reinforcement with Recycled Tyre Steel Fibres. Materials. 2444;15(7):2444. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15072444
  4. Srikanth S, Krishna CBR, Srikanth T, Nitesh KJNS, Nadh VS, Kumar S, et al. Effect of Nano Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) Volume % on Mechanical Behaviour of High-Performance Sustainable Concrete. Journal of Nanomaterials. 2022;2022:1–5. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/3742194
  5. Fauzan, Nur OF, Albarqi K, Melinda AP, Jauhari ZA. The Effect of Waste Tyre Rubber on Mechanical Properties of Normal Concrete and Fly ash Concrete. 2021;20:55–61. Available from: https://doi.org/10.21660/2020.77.5737
  6. Zabihi SM, Tavakoli HR. Evaluation of monomer ratio on performance of GGBFS-RHA alkali-activated concretes. Construction and Building Materials. 2019;208:326–332. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.03.026
  7. Sarkkinen M, Kujala K, Gehör S. Efficiency of MgO activated GGBFS and OPC in the stabilization of highly sulfidic mine tailings. Journal of Sustainable Mining. 2019;18(3):115–126. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsm.2019.04.001
  8. Yum WS, Yu J, Jeon D, Song H, Sim S, Kim DH, et al. Mechanical and Durability Properties of Cementless Concretes Made Using Three Types of CaO-Activated GGBFS Binders. Materials. 2022;15(1):271. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010271
  9. Chegenizadeh A, Hanson SW, Nikraz H, Kress CS. Effects of Ground-Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag Used as Filler in Dense Graded Asphalt. Applied Sciences. 2022;12(6):2769. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/app12062769
  10. Gu C, Yao J, Yang Y, Huang J, Ma L, Ni T, et al. The Relationship of Compressive Strength and Chemically Bound Water Content of High-Volume Fly Ash-Cement Mortar. Materials. 2021;14(21):6273. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14216273
  11. Fazli A, Rodrigue D. Recycling Waste Tires into Ground Tire Rubber (GTR)/Rubber Compounds: A Review. Journal of Composites Science. 2020;4(3):103. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs4030103


© 2022 Chaurasia et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.