Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 16, Pages: 1-5
S. Nallusamy* and Saurabh Kumar
*Author of Corresponding: S. Nallusamy Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr. M.G.R. Educational and Research Institute, Chennai - 600 095, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected]
Objective: The objective of this study is to create ecological awareness in selection of different materials that go into a product through an organized method to achieve the satisfaction level of performance and product life cycle. Method/ Analysis: Ecological collision of carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, phosphate, abiotic depletion fossil and dichlorobenzene was evaluated using Centrum Voor Milieukunde Leiden (CML) methodology during the product life cycle. The analysis was carried out on the impeller of a subassembly component of the product chosen. LCA software GaBi was used to estimate the emission levels and compared with the existing subassembly while arithmetical simulation test was carried out using ANSYS 14.5 to ensure the life time and efficiency of the product. Findings: The main focus of this study which is to assess the overall ecological collision through the CML/LCA methodology revealed diminution in pollutant emission and ecological collision was observed to have reduced by thirty eight percentage of carbon dioxide, thirty seven percentage of sulfur dioxide, thirty eight percentage of phosphate and six percentage of dichlorobenzene. With arithmetical simulation test it was found that material alteration to aluminum silicon carbide from brass increases the life span and efficiency with imperative diminution in stress, stress intensity and deformation. Application/Improvements: The results show that the reduction in pollutant emission levels helping in the reduction of the global warming and also allows the users and manufactures of various subassembly components in choosing better alternate material.
Keywords: CML Methodology, Dissimilar Material, Efficiency, LCA, Life Span
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