Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 6, Pages: 1-11
VRS College of Engineering and Technology, Arasur, Villupuram-607107, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected]
Objective: To identify the adverse effect of urbanization on the land use pattern, surface water, groundwater and pollution due to solid waste in the study area by accompanying survey. Method: The environmental impact of urbanization process will be analyzed through the aspects such as urban population, urban land use, solid waste management, surface and ground water hydrology. The rate of urbanization can be predicted using Land Use Data. Using this predicted model, the demand for the water, quantity of solid waste generation, flood prediction, ground water recharge rate, changes in drainage pattern can be obtained. Findings: Leachate should be reduced. Mixing of rain water with water from dumping yard should be reduced. Disposal of carcasses near dumping yard should be prohibited. Disposal of sewage waste in open land should be prohibited. Disposal of sewage in channel water affects the domestic usage of channel water. Expansion of building construction towards the Ullur - Ariyamangalam should be retarded. Due to high wages for agriculture Coolies and poor selling price of paddy, the farmers are pushed to convert the farm land into plots. The farms should be protected. The unused pond should be renovated. Inflow and outflow channels should be deepened and widened. Application: Dust bin should be placed in every street for proper collection of solid waste. Drainage should be laid for the sub main streets too. Husk ash emission should be retarded.
Keywords: Ground Water, Land Use Pattern, Rainfall, Surface Water, Solid Waste Management, Urbanization
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