Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2012, Volume: 5, Issue: 10, Pages: 1-13
Department of Electrical Engineering, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran. [email protected]
In this paper, we use joint perfect power control (PPC) and adaptive beamforming algorithms as constrained least mean square (CLMS) and conjugate gradient adaptive beamforming (CGBF) in a 2D urban environment. The CLMS algorithm is capable of efficiently adapting according to the environment and able to permanently maintain the chosen frequency response in the look direction while minimizing the output power of the array. In addition, with the CGBF algorithm, the desired users’ signal in an arbitrary path is passed and the inter-path interference (IPI) is canceled in other paths in each RAKE finger. The adaptability of the algorithms is closely observed for uniformly spaced linear array. In addition, in this paper, we present switched-beam (SB) technique. In the SB technique by using a number of fixed, independent, or directional antennas we increase the uplink capacity of the wireless systems. Also, we study an analytical approach for the evaluation of the impact of power control error (PCE) on wireless communication systems. Simulation results indicate that the SB technique is able to considerably increase the signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) of desired user in comparison with other algorithms. In addition, we observe that the SINR in the CLMS algorithm is lower than the CGBF algorithm. Finally, we discuss two parameters of the PCE and path-loss exponent and their effects on capacity of the system via some computer. Keywords: Adaptive beamforming, Power control, Wireless networks
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