• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: 38, Pages: 3236-3249

Original Article

Microstructural and Durability Properties of Concrete Containing Alccofine and Zeolite Reinforced with Polypropylene Fibres

Received Date:05 June 2023, Accepted Date:29 July 2023, Published Date:13 October 2023


Objectives: To study the microstructural and durability properties of a polypropylene fibre reinforced concrete (PPFRC). Methods: In this research 10% and 15% of cement was replaced by natural zeolite and Alccofine and four different volume fractions of polypropylene fibre (0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 percent) were utilized to improve the strength and durability properties of concrete. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) was used to observe the crystal structure and that interfactial transition zone (ITZ). Findings: SEM Results indicates that fibres changes the microstructure, reduces Ca(OH2) through the secondary C-S-H gel formation and hence the voids get reduced Six concrete mixtures with water to binder ratio of 0.50 were cast. Novelty: Addition of polypropylene fibre has greatly improved the durability properties of concrete containing alccofine and zeolite.

Keywords: Alccofine, Compressive Strength, Durability, Elasticity Modulus, Zeolite, polypropylene fibre


  1. Zhang H, Wang L, Bai L, Addae M, Neupane A. Research on the impact response and model of hybrid basalt-macro synthetic polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete. Construction and Building Materials. 2019;204:303–316. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.01.201
  2. Eisa AS, Shehab HK, El-Awady KA, Nawar MT. Improving the flexural toughness behavior of R.C beams using micro/nano silica and steel fibers. Advances in Concrete Construction. 2021;11(1):45–58. Available from: https://doi.org/10.12989/acc.2021.11.1.045
  3. Sakthivel SK, Saravanan J. Experimental Assessment over Theoretical Prediction & Analytical Studies on Flexure Behavior of RC Beams with Recycled Coarse Aggregate. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies. 2022;13(3):1–11. Available from: http://TuEngr.com/V13/13A3I.pdf
  4. Kavyateja BV, Gurujawahar JG, Sashidhar C. Effectiveness of Alccofine and Fly ash on Mechanical Properties of Ternary Blended Self Compacting Concrete. Material Today: Proceedings. 2020;33(Part 1):73–79. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.03.152
  5. Kumar SR, Samanta AK, Roy DKS. An Experimental Study on the mechanical properties of alccofine based high grade concrete. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development. 2015;2(10):218–224. Available from: https://www.allsubjectjournal.com/assets/archives/2015/vol2issue10/21.1.pdf
  6. Jokar F, Khorram M, GK, Hataf N. Experimental investigation of mechanical properties of crumbed rubber concrete containing natural zeolite. Construction and Building Materials. 2019;208:651–658. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.03.063
  7. Sankar B, Ramadoss P. Experimental and Statistical Investigations on Alccofine Based Ternary Blended High-performance Concrete. International Journal of Engineering. 2022;35(8):1629–1640. Available from: https://www.ije.ir/article_150147.html
  8. Dheyaaldin MH, Mosaberpanah MA, Alzeebaree R. Performance of Fiber-Reinforced Alkali-Activated Mortar with/without Nano Silica and Nano Alumina. Sustainability. 2021;14(5):1–24. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14052527
  9. Abdulkareem OM, Alshahwany RB, Mousa AA. Durability of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete: Literatures review. Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering. 2022;22(01):14–28. Available from: https://doi.org/10.56748/ejse.2225701
  10. Prithiviraj C, Saravanan J, Kumar DR, Murali G, Vatin NI, Swaminathan P. Assessment of Strength and Durability Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Comprising Alccofine. Sustainability. 2022;14(10):1–19. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14105895
  11. Gaayathri KK, Suguna K, Raghunath PN. A Study on Material Properties of Structural Light Weight Concrete with Micro-reinforcement. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies. 2022;13(6):1–11. Available from: https://tuengr.com/A13/13A6/13A6U.html
  12. Meenatchi K, Suguna K, Raghunath PN. Strength and Durability Study on Polypropylene Fibre Reinforced Ternary Blended Concrete Containing Alccofine and Zeolite. Mathematical Statistician and Engineering Applications. 2022;71(4):7661–7674. Available from: https://doi.org/10.17762/msea.v71i4.1382
  13. Jamenraja M, Ravichandran K. Experimental Investigation of Mechanical and Durability Properties of Concrete Containing Nano Silica, Alccofine and Polypropylene Fibers. Indian Journal Of Science And Technology. 2023;16(19):1395–1407. Available from: https://doi.org/10.17485/IJST/v16i19.2431
  14. Meenatchi K, Suguna K, Raghunath PN. Performance Evaluation of Fibre Reinforced Concrete Containing Alccofine and Zeolite. Indian Journal Of Science And Technology. 2023;16(17):1309–1322. Available from: https://doi.org/10.17485/IJST/v16i17.2346


© 2023 Meenatchi et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.