• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2022, Volume: 15, Issue: 44, Pages: 2422-2431

Original Article

Numerical Simulation of HCCI Combustion Fuelled with Gasoline + Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether Blend

Received Date:11 August 2022, Accepted Date:28 September 2022, Published Date:02 November 2022


Background: Homogeneously charged compression ignition (HCCI) engines are generally popular for low production of NOx and Soot formation, also consuming lower fuel as compared with conventional gasoline and diesel engine. Objectives: In this study, the compression ignition engine (CI) was simulated in HCCI mode fuelled with Gasoline and Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) blends, and the analysis was carried out in similar operating conditions as experimentation carried out. Methods: The chamber pressure was maintained at 2 bar, and the air-fuel ratio was maintained at2.75. The optimal blend for MTBE was fixed as 15 vol % (MTBE 15), and the measured properties of the blends were used in the simulation. ICE simulation module in ANSYS WORKBENCH was used for this current simulation. Both cold flow and combustion simulations were carried out and the results indicate velocity indie the cylinder, cylinder pressure, and temperature distributions for two cases such as gasoline and gasoline with MTBE15. Findings: The average velocity was found high with the MTBE blend, whereas in-cylinder pressure was found low with MTBE blend than with gasoline. The temperature inside the cylinder pressure was found higher with gasoline than MTBE blend. The deviation between the experimentation and simulation was found low. Novelty: The simulation provides a better understanding of the combustion phenomena when gasoline is mixed with MTBE and utilized in a diesel engine at HCCI mode.

Keywords: CFD; MTBE; Gasoline; HCCI; Emission reduction


  1. Azad AK, Halder P, Nanthagopal K, Ashok B. Investigation of diesel engine in cylinder flow phenomena using CFD cold flow simulation. Advanced Biofuels. 2019;p. 329–336. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-102791-2.00013-1
  2. Vasudev A, Mikulski M, Balakrishnan PR, Storm X, Hunicz J. Thermo-kinetic multi-zone modelling of low temperature combustion engines. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. 2022;91:100998. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2022.100998
  3. Michał T, Lewandowski C, Netzer DR, Emberson T, Løvås. Numerical investigation of optimal flow conditions in an optically accessed compression ignition engine. Transportation Engineering. 2020;2(100036). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.treng.2020.100036
  4. Zhang Y, Wang Q, Yang R, Yan Y, Fu J, Liu Z. Numerical investigation of the effect of injection timing on the in-cylinder activity of a gasoline direct injection engine. Advances in Mechanical Engineering. 2022;14(3). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/16878132221082873
  5. Chandran M, Tamilkolundu S, Murugesan C. Numerical simulation of diesel engine using waste plastic oil blends. SN Applied Sciences. 2020;2(1610). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452-020-03417-3
  6. Geng L, Xie Y, Wang J, Liu W, Li C, Wang C. Experimental and numerical analysis of the spray characteristics of biodiesel–ethanol fuel blends. Simulation. 2021;97(10):703–714. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/0037549719870244
  7. Hamdi F, Agrebi S, Idrissi MS, Mondo K, Labiadh Z, Sadiki A, et al. Impact of Spray Cone Angle on the Performances of Methane/Diesel RCCI Engine Combustion under Low Load Operating Conditions. Entropy. 2022;24(5):650. Available from: https://doi.org/ 10.3390/e24050650
  8. Srinivasan A, Saravanan CG, Gopalakrishnan &M. Emission reduction on ethanol–gasoline blend using cerium oxide nanoparticles as fuel additive. Particulate Science and Technology. 2018;36(5):628–635. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/02726351.2017.1287791


© 2022 Dadapeer & Prakash. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.