• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2022, Volume: 15, Issue: 19, Pages: 956-964

Original Article

Optimization of Environmental Data to Improve Safety in Coal Mine using Wireless Sensor Networks

Received Date:25 March 2022, Accepted Date:25 April 2022, Published Date:28 May 2022


Objective: Design and implementation of an intelligent system to exploit the safety of Coal mine employees using wireless sensor Network. Methods: In this work, we collect environmental data such as harmful gases, temperature/ humidity data, earth pressure, vibration, and groundwater level in the mine, by using Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). A real time environmental data is continuously being monitored and analyzed to handle the current situation of the mine. Moreover, safety alert system can be activated in time to minimize the risk of the mine workers. Here we make use of location-based energy efficient routing protocol to minimize the delay, optimizes the energy between end nodes and a mat lab as simulation tool to compare the results. Findings: The presented system finds an extensive use in coal mine industry to provide the safety of employees. However, the designed system can also be employed in railway and road tunnels to check the continuous real time environment conditions of the tunnel and accordingly desired actions have to be taken place. Moreover, the designed system can provide the new base to the research community to precede the research in this field. Novelty: The presented approach is simple to operate, cost effective, energy efficient when compared to the existing approaches i.e., B. Vinodh kumar, Banda Srikanth and Kishore V (Please refer figure 6, 7 & 8 for comparisons with different parameters) and has a dynamic control mechanism based on current situation.

Keywords: WSN; Zigbee; environmental data; sensors; WPAN


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© 2022 Ahmad et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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