• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 13, Pages: 1-6

Original Article

Performance Evaluation of Vegetable Oil based Cutting Fluid during Hard Turning of AISI 4340 Steel with Minimal Cutting Fluid Application


During modern era of manufacturing hard turning of steel is performed with excessive supply of cutting fluids. Much of the cutting fluids are emulsions of petroleum based oil that can cause severe environmental hazards. Dry machining is a logical substitute as it is trouble free from the environmental issues. On the other hand, under dry condition, surface roughness of work piece and tool life is usually influenced on machining. Under those circumstances, Minimal Cutting Fluid Application (MCFA) can be considered as a feasible alternate. In current research an effort has been taken for exploring the various effects of vegetable oil (soya bean oil) based cutting fluid with minimal application of cutting fluid on hard turning of AISI4340 steel. Accordingly, soya bean oil based emulsion was prepared by adding important additives. A comprehensive experimentation was carried out using Taguchi’s design to comprehend the influence of fluid application parameters on cutting force. Research showed promising outcomes through cutting force reduction.

Keywords: Hard Turning, Minimal Cutting Fluid Application, Vegetable Oil Based Cutting Fluid


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