Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 17, Pages: 1-9
Meena Rao1,2* and Neeta Singh2
1 Department of ECE, Maharaja Surajmal Institute of Technology, C-4 Janakpuri, New Delhi, 110058, India; [email protected]
2 School of ICT, Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida - 201308, Uttar Pradesh, India; [email protected]
Background:AMobileAdHocNetwork (MANET) consistsofmany independentnodes that operate over awireless topology with numerous Quality of Service (QoS) requirements. So, a robust routing protocol that also provides QoS parameters to its different range of applications is needed. Various network parameters like node density, node mobility, field size etc. also effects the QoS parameters of MANETs. Methods: The traditional reactive routing protocols do not have any backup route in case of a node failure and hence are not effective for MANETs. Ad Hoc on Demand Distance Vector Backup Routing (AODV BR) protocol performs better than traditional routing protocols but is not effective when the backup route fails. So, to counter this problem, the authors had proposed AODV nth BR that keeps on providing backup routes when multiple nodes fail and hence successfully transfers the data to the destination. The nodes for backup routing are selected based on their distance from the failed node and energy efficiency. Results: In this paper, the performance of AODV nth BR has been compared with AODV, DSR and AODV BR protocol under varying node density (nodes 20, 60,100) and node mobility conditions (5m/s, 20m/s, 50m/s). The values for Packet Delivery Fraction (PDF) for 60 nodes at speed 20m/s in case of AODV nth BR protocol after 6000 rounds is 0.3054. Comparatively, value of AODV BR is 0.2664, AODV is 0.1936 and DSR is 0.1056. QoS performance is measured in terms of end to end delay, packet delivery fraction and lifetime of devices and it has been shown through simulated results that AODV nth BR protocol gives better output than traditional routing protocols. Conclusion: From the simulated results explained in detail in the paper, it has been observed that route after link breakage is found to be best with AODV nth BR protocol and this can be clearly seen in the QoS parameters obtained.
Keywords: AODV BR, AODV nth BR, MANETs, Node Density, Node Mobility
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