• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: 34, Pages: 2767-2777

Original Article

Pilot Study on Effect of Warm Compress Application using Optic Care Wear Vs Conventional Method on Level of Symptom Complex among Elderly Clients with Dry Eye Syndrome at Selected Old Age Home, Puducherry

Received Date:29 June 2023, Accepted Date:16 August 2023, Published Date:15 September 2023


Background/Objectives: Dry Eye Syndrome (DES) is a commonly encountered condition prevalent among the elderly population leading to discomfort and vision impairment. Warm compress application has been identified as a promising treatment approach for managing DES symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of warm compress application using Optic Care Wear compared to the conventional method in elderly clients with DES residing in selected old age homes in Puducherry. Methods: The research methodology employed in this study was quasi-experimental, with a sample size of 20 elderly clients. The clients were divided into two groups, with 10 clients in the experimental group who received a warm compress using Optic Care Wear, and 10 clients in the control group who received a conventional warm compress application using a clean cotton cloth. Age (50), symptoms, and clinical measures associated with dry eye are the parameters considered for the selection of clients in this study. The effectiveness of both warm compress applications was assessed through pre-test and posttest evaluations of OSDI, TBUT, and Schirmer’s Test scores, and statistical analyses using paired t-tests and chi-square tests were conducted. Findings: Warm compress application using Optic Care Wear resulted in a significant reduction in OSDI scores (12.92% reduction) compared to the conventional method (1.67% reduction). Furthermore, the experimental group manifested substantial enhancements in TBUT ratings (32.50% increase) and Schirmer’s Test ratings (36.98% increase) relative to Control Group (TBUT: 13.51% increase, Schirmer’s Test: 11.26% increase). Novelty and applications: The study’s results emphasize the novelty and effectiveness of warm compress application using Optic Care Wear for managing Dry Eye Syndrome (DES) symptoms in elderly clients. Optic Care Wear provides a preferred and valuable therapeutictool to enhance the quality of life and vision for elderly clients with DES. Further research is recommended to explore the long-term effects and combination treatments for comprehensive DES management.

Keywords: Dry Eye Syndrome (DES); Dry Eye Disease (DED); Optic Care Wear; Warm Compress; Conventional Method


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© 2023 Vijayan & Gugan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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