Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 42, Pages: 1-8
D. Ragul1 , K. Selvakumar2 , C. S. Boopathi2 and K. Raja1
1Department of EEE, Knowledge Institute of Technology, Salem – 637504, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected], [email protected] 2Department of EEE, SRM University, Chennai – 603203, Tamil Nadu, India;. [email protected], [email protected]
Objectives: The main objective of this paper is smoothening of the power fluctuation of a variable speed PMSG wind generator with the help of Energy Capacitor System (ECS). ECS consists of a voltage source inverter, dc-dc converter and an ultra-capacitor bank including their control strategies. Methods/Analysis: In this paper two back-to-back voltage source Insulated Gate Biopolar Transistor (IGBT) converters controlled through highly efficient variable frequency drive control method is considered. By using this method, efficiency of wind farm can be improved and voltage regulation for interconnecting the wind farm with grid can be achieved. Findings: Recent application of power electronic devices and scaling up of MegaWatt (MW) wind turbines, Low-speed high torque Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) has become the ultimate choice for wind power extraction. At present, a commercial PMSG based wind generator primarily makes use of a rectifier followed by an IGBT converter. Novelty /Improvement: The real power reference for ECS is generated accurately. Simulation is carried out through MATLAB/SIMULINK.
Keywords: ECS, Grid Voltage Support Control, Maximum Power Extraction, PMSG Wind Generator, Reactive Power Control, Variable Frequency Drive Control, Voltage Source Converter
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