• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2019, Volume: 12, Issue: 9, Pages: 1-7

Original Article

Prediction of Universal Joint Behavior Under Small Axial Loading Using FEM


Objectives: The present investigation aims to design a structural steel universal joint and analyze its behavior under coaxial compressive loading. Methods/Statistical Analysis: In the present investigation, CATIA V5 was used to design the Universal joint of a steering column, and its finite element analysis was carried out using ANSYS software. Structural steel and its properties were used for design as well as analysis purpose. In ANSYS, static structural analysis was carried out to determine the von-Mises stress, von-Mises strain and total structural deformation. Findings: The steering column is an integral section of an automobile for its stability and steady movement. A universal joint is typically employed to transmit the rotational energy of a steering column to a shaft inclined at a particular angle. In universal joints, two forked shaft are connected using a cross-shaped intermediate member. This section is very susceptible to shear deformation owing to torsion, and fatigue failure may occur due to its cyclic nature. After evaluation of nature and stress characteristics, it can be concluded that the universal joint made up of structural steel is safe below and at the applied load. Application/ Improvements: The collapsible steering column is an effective mechanism for safe and comfortable driving experience, especially in the all-terrain vehicle. For this purpose, the steering column components should be able to bear sudden compressive and tensile forces.

Keywords: Finite Element Analysis, Universal Joint, ANSYS, CATIA 


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