• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2020, Volume: 13, Issue: 12, Pages: 1342-1346

Original Article

Prevalence and risk factors associated with wheezing among children and adolescents from Chennai, South India

Received Date:13 April 2020, Accepted Date:19 April 2020, Published Date:08 May 2020


Aim: To investigate the prevalence and associated risk factors that influence wheezing and asthma in children and adolescents. Methods: A total of 135 male children and adolescents were selected from various schools. Information about family history, dietary pattern, respiratory symptoms and environmental risk factors were obtained using questionnaire survey. Results: The prevalence of wheezing in the past 12 months was 31.85%. The prevalence of asthma was 2.2%. Conclusion: Consumption of fast food, overweight and obesity and exposure to traffic fumes were observed to be important risk factors with increased risk among the children. The impact of environmental factors such as air pollution must be quantitatively established with exposure assessments supplemented with questionnaire surveys to reduce the burden of disease. This study provides a cross-sectional outlook on modifiable risk factors that can be targeted to reduce the impact of asthma and wheezing in children.

Keywords: Asthma; ISAAC; Prevalence; Wheezing; Children; Chennai


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Copyright: © 2020 Sivaswamy, Sambandan, Ramasamy, Surianarayanan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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