Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2020, Volume: 13, Issue: 11, Pages: 1265-1269
Priyanka Vaghela1∗, Bushra Jarullah1
1Shri M.M. Patel Institute of Sciences and Research, Kadi Sarva Vishwavidyalaya, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
*Author for correspondence
Shri M.M. Patel Institute of Sciences and Research, Kadi Sarva Vishwavidyalaya, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
Email: [email protected]
Received Date:05 April 2020, Accepted Date:10 April 2020, Published Date:29 April 2020
Background /Objectives: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an auto immune disease affecting 1% of the world's population causing permanent deformation of the affected joint. The objective is to study the prevalence of different comorbidities found amongst the RA patients frequenting the rheumatology clinic at a tertiary care hospital of western India. Methodology: The study was carried amongst the RA patients frequenting the rheumatology outpatient clinic between the years January 2012 till December 2014. A Total of 6,158 patients of Rheumatoid arthritis were studied. All the patients were diagnosed based on the 2010 ACR standard classification criteria with their consent. Findings: Out of 6,158 patients surveyed, the disease was found to be more common in females (66.79%) than males (33.21%) making the ratio approximately 2:1. Comorbid conditions were associated with 34.33% of rheumatoid arthritis patients. The most frequent comorbid condition was found to be thyroid dysfunction with 16.68% patient population affected. Frequency of RA females (65.53%) was higher as compared to RA males (34.47%). Hypertension was the second most co prevalent disorder which was found in 12.34% of the patient population. Osteoporosis (3.33%), Soft tissue rheumatism (2.55 %) and Systemic Lupus Erythematous (0.86%) were also found in few of the RA patients. Application/Improvements: An in depth understanding of the frequency of prevalence of the different comorbid conditions to the rheumatoid arthritis patients will in future assure prompt and timely treatment for various diseases.
Keywords: Rheumatoid Arthritis; Prevalence; Co-morbid conditions; Western India
© 2020 Vaghela, Jarullah. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)
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