Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2018, Volume: 11, Issue: 37, Pages: 1-7
Agus Budianto1 *, Sumari Sumari2 , Wahyu Setyo Pambudi3 and Wahyudi4
1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Adhi Tama Surabaya Institute of Technology, Indonesia; [email protected]
2 Department of Chemistry, Malang State University, Indonesia; [email protected]
3 Department of Electrical Engineering, Adhi Tama Surabaya Institute of Technology, Indonesia; [email protected]
4 Department of Design and Manufacturing Engineering, Shipbuilding State Polytechnic (PPNS), Indonesia; [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Department of Chemical Engineering, Adhi Tama Surabaya Institute of Technology, Indonesia; [email protected]
Objectives: To obtained data about chemicals that formed at Nyamplung oil cracking and also to study the effect of temperature on product composition. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The method of analysis used is Gas-Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry (GCMS). The resulting product is analyzed and studied in the temperature influence of Nyamplung oil process with Zn-HZSM-5/γ Alumina catalyst. Furthermore, the compounds obtained are grouped. The chemicals produced are grouped as biogasoline, biokerosene, biodiesel and other materials based on the amount of carbon and functional groups on the compound. Findings: Oil of Nyamplung can be cracked to produce chemicals of alkanes, alkenes, carboxylic acids, benzene and its derivatives and aldehide. The chemicals are also grouped into 3 kinds of biofuel namely biodiesel, biogasoline and biokeresene. Biodiesel composition is higher than biogasoline and biokerosene in Nyamplung oil cracking product. Application/Improvements: The highest composition of chemicals from Nyamplung oil cracking is oleic acid with a content of 41.19% wt.
Keywords: Catalytic, Chemical, Nyamplung Oil, Oleic Acid, Production
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