• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: 32, Pages: 2560-2567

Original Article

Robust Analysis of Various Measurement Uncertainty Parameters in Rebound Hammer Test

Received Date:07 July 2023, Accepted Date:18 July 2023, Published Date:29 August 2023


Objective: The major objective of the proposed work is to determine the concrete’s expected compressive strength by evaluating the consistency of concrete using Rebound Hammer Test. Further, the determination of the quality of one component of the concrete relates to the quality of another component based on the concrete meeting criteria established by the several standards in the literature. Methods: Laboratory professional’s needs to properly correlate the compressive strength with the observations of rebound hammer normally called as rebound index. Since test readings are affected by number of parameters, measurement uncertainty plays vital role in deciding the output of test. Analytical method as per the guidelines of GUM (Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement) and Monte Carlo simulation is used for obtaining uncertainty value in measurement of compressive strength. As per the proposed test procedure total 10 test blocks made up of concrete are selected for testing. For each block 6 readings are taken using rebound hammer. The rebound index (RI) obtained in reading is then converted to compressive strength (CS) value. Findings: The obtained test results are compared with the simulation values obtained from Monte Carlo simulation. The results shows that the magnitude of evaluated uncertainty values are on higher side as compare to simulated uncertainty values. Novelty and applications: In this paper uncertainty related to compressive strength measurement using rebound hammer test is evaluated by considering the effects of various parameters related to instrument, test procedure and test environment. This obtained uncertainty values provides reliable information about compressive strength of concrete structures.

Keywords: Measurement; Measurement Uncertainty; Rebound Hammer Test; Compressive Strength; Monte Carlo Simulation


  1. Awachat P, Dakre V, Charkha P, Vundela SR. Performance Evaluation of Uncertainty in Measurement for Dynamic Young’s Modules of Elasticity. Indian Journal Of Science And Technology. 2023;16(25):1833–1842. Available from: https://doi.org/10.17485/IJST/v16i25.1016
  2. Brencich A, Bovolenta R, Ghiggi V, Pera D, Redaelli P. Rebound Hammer Test: An Investigation into Its Reliability in Applications on Concrete Structures. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. 2020;2020:1–11. Available from: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/amse/2020/6450183/
  3. Kostic S, Miljojkovic J, Simunovic G, Vukelic D, Tadic B. Uncertainty in the determination of elastic modulus by tensile testing. 2022. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jestch.2021.05.002
  4. Awachat P, Dakre V. Analysis of various parameters responsible for measurement uncertainty in charpy impact testing. American Institute of Physics Conference Series. 2021;2417. Available from: https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/5.0072681
  5. Kumar NSMR, Barkavi T, Natarajan C. Structural health monitoring: detection of concrete flaws using ultrasonic pulse velocity. Journal of Building Pathology and Rehabilitation. 2018;3(1). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41024-018-0036-2
  6. Santoso A, Widodo S, Maarif F. Prediction of Lighweight Concrete Panel Homogeneity by Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV) Proceedings of the International Conference on Technology and Vocational Teachers (ICTVT 2017). 2017;102:1–7. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2991/ictvt-17.2017.1
  7. Hack PDS, Caten CST. Measurement Uncertainty: Literature Review and Research Trends. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 2012;61(8):2116–2124. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIM.2012.2193694
  8. Ramalingam S, Rajendran S, Viswanathan M, Duraisamy V. Effect of antioxidant additives on oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emission reduction from annona biodiesel operated diesel engine. Advanced Biofuels. 2019;p. 247–263. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-102791-2.00010-6
  9. Mezouar H, Dlimi L, Salih A. Evaluation of the measurement uncertainty of the stiffness modulus: test case of indirect tensile on cylindrical specimens. International Journal of Metrology and Quality Engineering. 2021;12(8):1–9. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1051/ijmqe/2021006
  10. Voit K, Zeman O, Gappmaier P, Wriessnig K, Adamcova R. Influence of Measurement Uncertainty in the Determination of Selected Rock Parameters—A Realistic Approach. Materials. 2023;16(8):3045. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16083045
  11. Odimegwu TC, Kaish ABMA, Zakaria I, Abood MM, Jamil M, Ngozi KOO. Nondestructive Determination of Strength of Concrete Incorporating Industrial Wastes as Partial Replacement for Fine Aggregate. Sensors. 2021;21(24):8256. Available from: https://doi.org10.3390/s21248256


© 2023 Awachat et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.