• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2011, Volume: 4, Issue: 1, Pages: 52-63

Original Article

Role of insoluble glycogen in ethanol adaptation mechanism of Saccharomyces italicus


Saccharomyces italicus has two pools of glycogen–one is the soluble pool and the remainder water insoluble linked with cell wall or β-glucans. Soluble pool of glycogen present is assigned to produce energy required for metabolic activities but the insoluble pool in the cell wall plays a special physiological role in providing the osmotolerance under ethanol stress conditions. S. italicus grown in the presence of 2-8% v/v ethanol exhibits exponential increase in insoluble glycogen content as a protective measure against the stress created across the plasma membrane by the action of ethanol. But ethanol concentration above 8%v/v reduces hydrophobic interactions thereby decreasing the insoluble glycogen content with increase in membrane permeability.

Keywords: Saccharomyces, glycogen, osmotolerance, ethanol, yeast cell wall. 


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