Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2019, Volume: 12, Issue: 36, Pages: 1-17
Maytham Kadhim Obaid1*, Ismail Abdul Rahman1, Intidhar Jabir Idan2 and Sasitharan Nagapan1
1Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Batu Pahat, Malaysia; abut[email protected], [email protected], [email protected] 2Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq; [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Maytham Kadhim Obaid
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Batu Pahat, Malaysia; [email protected]
Objectives: Construction and Demolition (C and D) wastes affect negatively to environment and economic of Iraq. This paper presents the severity of 78 identified factors contributing to C and D waste generation in Iraqi construction industries. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The structured questionnaire survey amongst contractors, consultants and clients was conducted and a total of 208 valid response data was collected for the analysis purpose. Descriptive analysis employing average score index was used for collected data. Findings: The results indicate severity of each factor toward the C and D waste generation and also the severity ranking. It was found that poor site management, lack of experience, rework, design errors and lack of environmental awareness are ranked as five most sever factors to C and D waste generation in Iraqi construction industry. Application/Improvements: Benefit from this study will be shared amongst researchers and also construction community to ensure the minimization of the (C and D) waste generation in Iraq.
Keywords: Construction and Demolition Waste, Construction Waste Causes, Factors Contributing C and D, Iraqi Construction Industries Causing C and D, Ranking and Severity of C and D Waste
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