Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 31, Pages: 1-7
Noor Syamimi Omar, Norfifah Bachok and Norihan Md. Arifin
Department of Mathematics and Institute for Mathematical Research, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor-43400, Malaysia
The problem of steady stagnation-point flow over a stretching or shrinking cylinder in a water-based Copper (Cu) nanofluid is considered in this study. The governing partial differential equations in cylindrical form are reduced to ordinary differential equations using a similarity transformation. The resulting system issolved numerically by using shooting method with Prandtl number Pr = 6.2. The skin friction coefficient, Nusselt number, and the velocity and temperature profiles are presented graphically and discussed. The governing equation of the problem show that the flow and heat transfer characteristic depend on the effects of the curvature parameter, stretching or shrinking parameter and nanoparticle volume fraction parameter. It is found that the solutions for a shrinking cylinder are non-unique which differ from a stretching cylinder. It is observed that the surface shear stress and the heat transfer rate at the surface increase as the curvature parameter increases.
Keywords: Boundary Layer, Dual Solutions, Nanofluid, Stagnation Point, Stretching or Shrinking Cylinder
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