Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2021, Volume: 14, Issue: 34, Pages: 2751-2760
A R Hairul Asri1∗, Awal Prasetyo2 , Udadi Sadhana3 , Arlita Leniseptaria Antari4 , Hehera Rahajeng1
1 Postgraduate Student, Masters in Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
2 Lecturer, Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
3 Lecturer, Department of Pathology Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
4 Lecturer, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
Email: [email protected]
Received Date:07 May 2021, Accepted Date:05 October 2021, Published Date:25 October 2021
Objective: To assess the effect of the Biosmart and safe concept on the levels of superoxide Dismutase 3 (SOD3) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the bus passenger nasal wash. Methods: This study is a non-blinding experimental design with a pretest-posttest measurement. The number of participants was 31 passengers of Biosmart and Safe Bus; divided into 2 groups: herbal masks and regular medical masks. Participants were divided into front, middle, and rear seat positions. Findings: The trend of SOD3 and ROS levels in the herbal mask group was increasing, while the trend in the medical mask group was decreasing. There was a significant difference in SOD3 levels in the middle seat position (p = 0.037) and ROS levels in the rear seat position (p = 0.022). There was a strong negative relationship between SOD3 levels and ROS levels in the herbal mask group (p = 0.016, r = -0.611). There was a significant difference in the levels of ROS on pretest-posttest of the medical mask group (p = 0.039), and the ROS levels in the herbal mask group approached a significant value (p = 0.059). There was no significant difference in SOD3 and ROS levels between the herbal mask and medical mask groups (p = 0.937; 0.810). Novelty : The ROS levels of Biosmart and Safe Bus passengers who use Herbal Masks are different from those using regular medical masks with lower levels. The SOD3 levels of Biosmart and Safe bus passengers who use herbal masks are different from those who use higher levels of regular medical masks.
Keywords: Biosmart and Safe Bus; herbal mask; nasal wash; ROS; SOD3
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© 2021 Asri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)
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