• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2024, Volume: 17, Issue: 9, Pages: 794-803

Original Article

Advancing Wireless Sensor Networks through Performance Evaluation of M-PDCH Routing Protocol for Enhanced Quality of Service

Received Date:29 December 2023, Accepted Date:29 January 2024, Published Date:20 February 2024


Objective: The decisive aim of this investigation is to improve the capabilities and limitations of PEGASIS with Double Cluster Head (PDCH), for enhancing the overall Quality of Service (QoS) in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Methods: This research is intended at the application of efficient routing protocol for wireless sensor networks. It works on the principle of the formation of cluster head and clustering. This is accomplished to achieve high QoS for WSN. Improving the efficacy of a WSN protocol is decisive for optimizing communication, resource utilization, and overall effectiveness. An innovative and novel protocol named Mobile-PDCH (M-PDCH) has been devised, developed, and tested. Here several parameters have been carefully investigated for enhancing the performance of a WSN protocol such as energy consumption, delay, and packet loss. A simulation environment has been created to evaluate, compare, and validate the performance and to suggest the desired applications of the proposed protocol. Findings: In the hierarchical category, PDCH performs better compared to all the other protocols. But it suffers from high packet drop, which decrease the performance of the protocol. To improve the performance of sensor networks, there is a need for adaptive routing protocol. The examination of simulation outcomes for the recommended protocol, M-PDCH, has been conducted in comparison with PDCH. The findings indicate that the protocol exhibits superior performance. The proposed algorithm improves the packet drop by 29.75%, reduces delay by 23.28%, and lowers energy consumption by 19.18% when compared to PDCH. Novelty: A novel adaptive routing protocol termed M-PDCH has been proposed for the enhancement of the WSN life span and durability of the sensor nodes. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm produces better results compared to PDCH protocol. The various QoS parameter results are compared, verified, and validated with existing protocol PDCH.

Keywords: WSN, PDCH, Design issues, Metrics, QoS, HRP


  1. Khan MA, Hussain S. Energy Efficient Direction-Based Topology Control Algorithm for WSN. Wireless Sensor Network. 2020;12(03):37–47. Available from: https://doi.org/10.4236/wsn.2020.123003
  2. Gulati K, Boddu RSK, Kapila D, Bangare SL, Chandnani N, Saravanan G. A review paper on wireless sensor network techniques in Internet of Things (IoT) Materials Today: Proceedings. 2022;51(Part 1):161–165. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.05.067
  3. Khan MK, Shiraz M, Shaheen Q, Butt SA, Akhtar R, Khan MA, et al. Hierarchical Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks: Functional and Performance Analysis. Journal of Sensors. 2021;2021:1–18. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/7459368
  4. Chan L, Chavez KG, Rudolph H, Hourani A. Hierarchical routing protocols for wireless sensor network: a compressive survey. Wireless Networks. 2020;26(5):3291–3314. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11276-020-02260-z
  5. Zeb A, Islam AKMM, Zareei M, Mamoon IA, Mansoor N, Baharun S, et al. Clustering Analysis in Wireless Sensor Networks: The Ambit of Performance Metrics and Schemes Taxonomy. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks. 2016;12(7):1–24. Available from: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/epdf/10.1177/155014774979142
  6. Rana H, Vhatkar S, Atique M. Comparative Study of PEGASIS Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network. IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering. 2014;16(5):25–30. Available from: https://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jce/papers/Vol16-issue5/Version-1/E016512530.pdf


© 2024 Vhatkar et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.