• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2019, Volume: 12, Issue: 3, Pages: 1-17

Original Article

Anatomical and Histochemical Investigation of Urinary System in Grey Mongoose (Herpestesedwardsii) in Iraq


Objectives: The purposes of the present study are to provide a basic knowledge of anatomical and histochemical features, because is dearth information about mongoose and carnivores especially. Also provide information about normal clinical examinations because the renal diseases are common in carnivores. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The experiments are conducted using ten animals caught from orchards in South of Iraq. The animals euthanized by I.M of diazepam (1 mg/1 kg) with ketamine (30 mg, 1 kg). The morphological study of the target organs included shape, length, thickness, width, blood supply and relation with other. The samples were fixed in 10% buffered formalin for 48 hours and dehydrated in alcohols after that, impregnation in paraffin. The embedded blocks are cut (5) µ thick and slices stained with H and E, Masson’s stain and PAS stain. Findings: Anatomically, the kidney covered by thin capsule of red-brown in color, bean in shape, the external surface had highly vascularize. The internal surface had dark cortex with one pyramidal rays and single papilla. There are two branches of renal artery that enter to right side; the left was received one branch. The ureter was narrow tubule extend dorsally and price the urinary bladder in lateral side. Urinary bladder was triangular in shape located in caudal region of pelvic cavity. Histologically, the renal corpuscles increased in mid-cortex, henle loop appears large in diameter than that of the descending limb and is enclosing a wider lumen. Improvement/Applications: This is first Histomorphology report of grey mongoose in Iraq and may help as a model for future studies on urinary system in human and carnivores.


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