• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 21, Pages: 1-5

Original Article

Application of Bar-Shalom and Fortmann’s Input Estimation for Underwater Target Tracking


Background/Objectives: The Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) using range and bearing measurements is analyzed for undersea target tracking. The Input estimation technique, developed by Bar-Shalom and Fortmann for radar applications is implemented for sonar applications. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Input estimation is used to estimate the target acceleration whenever the target makes a maneuver. Findings: The algorithm estimates target kinematics using zero mean chi-square distributed random sequence residual. Upon detection of target maneuver, this algorithm corrects the velocity and position components using acceleration components. Application/Improvements: Finally, the performance of this algorithm is evaluated in Monte-Carlo simulations and results conform the effectiveness of input estimation technique.
Keywords: Bearing Measurements, Estimation, Maneuvering, Range, Target Tracking


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