Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 30, Pages: 1-5
N. Preetha1* and Lalitha Ramaswamy2
1 Department of Clinical Nutrition, [email protected]
2 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Department of Clinical Nutrition,
Introduction: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a very heterogeneous syndrome both in its clinical presentation and laboratory manifestations. Weight loss is feasible in adolescents with PCOS and significant improvements in BMI, Waist circumference and menstrual function can be achieved. Objective: To carry out the assessment of PCOS symptoms of selected emerging adult women and to identify samples at risk of PCOS. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational design was adopted and the sampling method used in this study is a non-probability sampling technique. Study was conducted for the duration of three months from November 2013 to February 2014 and 231 emerging adult women participated in this study. A questionnaire having the details of menstrual history and features of hyperandrogenism was collected from emerging adult women. Findings: The mean, age, height, weight and the body mass index was found to be, 18.86 ± 1.4 years,156.04 ± 7.75 cms, 52.86 ± 9.7 kg and 21.60 ± 3.55 (kg/m2 ). 95 (41.1%) emerging adult women reported significant weight gain for the past two months. Among the total study group 87 (37.6%) emerging adult women were categorised as risk category and the rest 144 (62.3%) were not having any symptoms related to PCOS and were considered as normal emerging adult women. 24 women were having irregular menstrual cycle (22 having eight or fewer periods per year and two having more than 12 periods per year). 54 (23.3%) emerging adult women are with acne problem. Hirsutism was found among 27 (11.6%). Five (2.1%) of the subjects were having both acne and hirsutism were belonged to the risk group. Among the selected emerging adult women three percent had heavy bleeding were categorised under risk category. 48 percent of the selected emerging adult women did not do any physical activity, of them 17.7% belonged to ‘at risk’ category. Applications/Improvements: Based on severity of the condition, 74 subjects (32%) were categorised as risk subjects, among the total 87 emerging adult women who were predicted to have PCOS. It is preferable to follow these emerging adult women and repeat the evaluation for the exact diagnosis of PCOS.
Keywords: Acne, Hirsutism, Hyperandrogenism, Menstruation, PCOS
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