• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: 10, Pages: 727-743

Original Article

Assessment of Impact of Mechanization in Construction Projects in India

Received Date:14 July 2022, Accepted Date:23 February 2023, Published Date:11 March 2023


Objectives: To assess the impact of mechanization in construction activities of high-rise apartment projects in India. Methods: Initially, the current scenario of mechanization in the country is captured with the help of review of literature, questionnaire survey and case studies. As it is found to be low, especially in activities like masonry, plastering, painting etc, a list of advanced equipment to be adopted for executing these activities is proposed. To explore the impact of the proposed equipment on time and cost associated with the activities, a comparative analysis between the usage of these equipment and manual execution is conducted. Finally, in an attempt to validate the positive impact of these proposed equipment on a construction project, a schedule comparison is done along with return-on-investment analysis and payback period calculations. Findings: The study demonstrates a 55 to 75% savings in time and 40 to 67% savings in cost in activities on its own when mechanization is employed. As far as a project is concerned, a reduction of 11.26% in its duration is achieved just by mechanizing masonry and wall finishes’ activities in addition to the conventionally mechanized activities. Novelty: There is a hesitation among construction professionals in Kerala to employ equipment in non-mechanized activities owing to the lack of thorough context-based analysis on the same. This study attempts to analyse the impact of mechanization by proposing equipment based on the availability of indigenous equipment and technology, skilled operators and local market rates specific to Kerala. Hence, the findings will help industry professionals realize the benefits mechanization can reap when the right equipment is employed.

Keywords: Assessment; Equipment; Impacts; Indian Construction Industry; Mechanization Level


  1. Love PED, Teo P, Ackermann F, Smith J, Alexander J, Palaneeswaran E, et al. Reduce rework, improve safety: an empirical inquiry into the precursors to error in construction. Production Planning & Control. 2018;29(5):353–366. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/09537287.2018.1424961
  2. Hwang BG, Shan M, Ong JJM, Krishnankutty P. Mechanization in building construction projects: assessment and views from the practitioners. Production Planning & Control. 2020;31(8):613–628. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/09537287.2019.1667547
  3. Kamaruddin SS, Mohammad MF, Mahbub R. Barriers and Impact of Mechanisation and Automation in Construction to Achieve Better Quality Products. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2016;222:111–120. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.197
  4. Kumar P, Balasubramanian V, Raj M, S. Robotics in Construction Industry. Indian Journal Of Science And Technology. 2016;9(23). Available from: https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2016/v9i23/95974
  5. Babatunde LA, Adegoke BF, Adejumobi MK, Olukoya BF. Professional’s View on the effects of Mechanization on Construction Cost of Building Projects In Nigeria. International Conference of Science, Engineering & Environmental Technology (ICONSEET). 2019;4(13):103–111. Available from: https://iaeme.com/MasterAdmin/Journal_uploads/IJCIET/VOLUME_9_ISSUE_13/IJCIET_09_13_201.pdf
  6. Sharmila S, Devadoss RS, Mathew F. Impact Of Mechanisation In Construction Projects In India. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology. 1998;9(13). Available from: https://iaeme.com/MasterAdmin/Journal_uploads/IJCIET/VOLUME_9_ISSUE_13/IJCIET_09_13_201.pdf
  7. Joshi M. High-Rise Apartment Buildings As A Sustainable Building Typology In The Indian Subcontinent. International Journal Of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology. 2018;7(1):27–40. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1133555
  8. Chandran A, Chacko CM. EXPLOITATION OF IN-MIGRANT CONSTRUCTION WORKERS IN KERALA: A CASE STUDY. Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies. 2017;4(37). Available from: https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10825
  9. Gunduz, Nielsen M&, Yasemin &, Ozdemir M. Quantification of Delay Factors Using the Relative Importance Index Method for Construction Projects in Turkey. Journal of Management in Engineering. 2013;29. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000129
  10. Tholibon DA, Nujid MM, Mokhtar H, Rahim JA, Aziz NFA, Tarmizi AAA. Relative Importance Index (RII) In Ranking the Factors of Employer Satisfaction Towards Industrial Training Students. International Journal of Asian Education. 2021;2(4):493–503. Available from: https://doi.org/10.46966/ijae.v2i4.187
  11. Rooshdi RM, Majid RR, Sahamir MZ, Ismail SR, NA. Relative Importance Index of Sustainable Design and Construction Activities Criteria for Green Highway. Chemical Engineering Transactions. 2018;63:151–156. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1863026


© 2023 Vadukkumchery & Myneni. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.