• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2017, Volume: 10, Issue: 47, Pages: 1-11

Original Article

Biorthogonal Halfband Perfect Reconstruction Filterbank for Multimodal Image Fusion


Objectives: To design a wavelet filter bank which helps to detect more prominently continuous changes in tumor cells. Methods/Statistical Analysis: In this paper, a method of designing two-channel wavelet base FIR filter bank using factorization of a half band filter is presented. Here factorization is done considering maximum vanishing moments for construction of decomposition as well as reconstruction filters. The 14th order maximally flat halfband filter is proposed with factorization, leading to design of 8/8 orthogonal and 9/7 & 6/10 symmetric filters. Findings: The fusion performance of designed wavelet filter bank is evaluated using various performance metrics, like, cross entropy, standard deviation, mean square error and PSNR. The results are compared with the Daubechies filter bank where db4 is used for implementation. It is clear from the results that designed filter bank improves fusion performance. Further, proposed filters have maximum number of vanishing moments which gives smooth scaling and wavelet functions and consequently provides flat frequency response. Application/Improvements: The designed 8/8 orthogonal wavelet filters are implemented in fusion application for multimodal biomedical images of a subject for detection of an abnormality (cancerous growth). The novelty of this method is the adaptive design of the filterbank for the given multimodal images, so that fused images shall have more clarity, further, it will help to improve the results with enhancement in the entropy levels of fused image. 

Keywords: Filter Banks, Half Band Filter, Medical Image Processing, Multimodal Image Fusion, Spectral Factorization, Wavelet Transforms 


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