• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: 14, Pages: 1099-1106

Original Article

Comparative Analysis of DSR, AODV, AOMDV and AOMDV-LR in VANET by Increasing the Number of Nodes and Speed

Received Date:21 December 2022, Accepted Date:12 March 2023, Published Date:17 April 2023


Objectives: To analyze different VANET routing methods. Methods: The simulation result of reactive, proactive and hybrid multipath routing protocols is obtained in NS-2.34 by increasing the number of nodes and mobility. The outcomes are summarized in tables and figures. Findings: After simulation and comparison of existing protocols and the latest hybrid protocol, we found that the latest hybrid routing protocol gives the best result in the case of a higher number of participants and of high speed with minimum overhead. Novelty : In previous reviews and research, reactive and proactive routing protocols were compared. In this review, we compared the recently implemented hybrid protocol AOMDV-LR with the existing proactive and reactive protocol which gives better results.

Keywords: DSR; AODV; AOMDV; AOMDVLR; Vehicle Ad Hoc Networks (VANet)


  1. Mahi MJN, Chaki S, Ahmed S, Biswas M, Kaiser MS, Islam MS, et al. A Review on VANET Research: Perspective of Recent Emerging Technologies. IEEE Access. 2022;10:65760–65783. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2022.3183605
  2. Kumar DS, Thenmozhi R, Chinnasamy A, KS. A Survey: Position Based Non DTN and DTN Routing Protocol in VANET. Webology. 2022;19(1):1607–1626. Available from: https://doi.org/10.14704/web/v19i1/web19108
  3. Arega K, Lemma G, Raga R, Bareto. Survey on Performance Analysis of AODV, DSR and DSDV in MANET. Computer Engineering and Intelligent Systems. 2020;11(3):23–32. Available from: https://doi.org/10.7176/ceis/11-3-03
  4. Hameed A, Al-Omary A. Survey of Blackhole attack on MANET. 2nd Smart Cities Symposium (SCS 2019). 2019. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1049/cp.2019.0224
  5. Raj SN, Mallik S, Neeraja. Comparison of Routing Convention in Manet: a Survey. International Journal of Hybrid Information Technology. 2019;12(1):9–16. Available from: https://doi.org/10.21742/ijhit.2019.12.1.02
  6. Kalaiyarasi V. Survey of load balancing routing protocols in MANET. International Journal of communication and computer Technologies. 2019;3(2):58. Available from: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijccts/03.02.02
  7. Marinov T. Comparative analysis of AODV, DSDV and DSR routing protocols in VANET. 57th International Scientific Conference on Information, Communication and Energy Systems and Technologies (ICEST). 2022. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/icest55168.2022.9828684
  8. Kurniawan A, Kristalina P, Hadi MZS. Performance Analysis of Routing Protocols AODV, OLSR and DSDV on MANET using NS3. 2020 International Electronics Symposium (IES). 2020. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/ies50839.2020.9231690
  9. Dimitriou I, Pappas N. Performance analysis of a cooperative wireless network with adaptive relays. Ad Hoc Networks. 2019;87:157–173. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adhoc.2018.12.007
  10. Wahid I, Tanvir S, Ahmad M, Ullah F, Alghamdi AS, Khan M, et al. Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks Routing Strategies for Intelligent Transportation System. Electronics. 2022;11(15):2298. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11152298
  11. Shrivastava PK, Vishwamitra LK. Comparative analysis of proactive and reactive routing protocols in VANET environment. Measurement: Sensors. 2021;16:100051. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.measen.2021.100051
  12. Mathurkar AV, Dorge PD. Performance Evaluation of Wireless Sensor Network Using AOMDV Routing Protocol. 8th International Conference on Reliability, Infocom Technologies and Optimization (Trends and Future Directions) (ICRITO). 2020. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/icrito48877.2020.9197861
  13. Ranjitha G, Sathwik JR, Priya S, JS. Efficiency Analysis Of Aodv, Dsdv, Dsr Routing Protocols. International Journal of Engineering Applied Sciences and Technology. 2021;5(11). Available from: https://doi.org/10.33564/ijeast.2021.v05i11.028
  14. Aljabry I, Al-Suhail G. A Simulation of AODV and GPSR Routing Protocols in VANET Based on Multimetrices. Iraqi Journal for Electrical and Electronic Engineering. 2021;17(2):66–72. Available from: https://doi.org/10.37917/ijeee.17.2.9
  15. Ema RR, Ahmed MF, Ahmed MH, Islam T. Effect of number of nodes and speed of nodes on performance of DSDV, AODV, AOMDV, DSR and GPSR routing protocols in VANET. 10th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). 2019. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/icccnt45670.2019.8944844
  16. Sireesha K, Malladi S. A Survey of VANET Security Models and its Issues on Node Level Data Transmission. Second International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Smart Energy (ICAIS). 2022. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/icais53314.2022.9742751
  17. Sindhwani M, Singh R, Sachdeva A, Singh C. Improvisation of optimization technique and AODV routing protocol in VANET. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2022;49:3457–3461. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.03.727
  18. Sehrawat P, Chawla M. Interpretation and Investigations of Topology Based Routing Protocols Applied in Dynamic System of VANET. Wireless Personal Communications. 2023;128(3):2259–2285. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-022-10042-3
  19. Narayanan PS, Joice CS. Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) Communication using Routing Protocols: A Review. International Conference on Smart Structures and Systems (ICSSS). 2019. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/icsss.2019.8882828
  20. Kushwaha US, Dixit MK, Singh AK. AOMDV Intelligent Decision (AOMDV-ID) to Minimize Routing Delay for Diverse VANETs. 2022 International Conference for Advancement in Technology (ICONAT). 2022. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/iconat53423.2022.9726097


© 2023 Kushwaha et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.