Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2020, Volume: 13, Issue: 15, Pages: 1570-1579
Irfan Abbas1,2*, Hamza Iqbal2, Munib Ahmad2, Amir Naveed2, Bilal Qudoos2
1Lecturer, Department of Computer Science, University of Central Punjab, Natt Road, 50700, Gujrat, Pakistan. Tel.: +92-306-647-3003
2Department of Computer Science and IT, Minhaj University Lahore, Hamdard Road, Pakistan
Lecturer, Department of Computer Science, University of Central Punjab, Natt Road, 50700, Gujrat, Pakistan. Tel.: +92-306-647-3003
Department of Computer Science and IT, Minhaj University Lahore, Hamdard Road, Pakistan Email: [email protected]
Received Date:27 March 2020, Accepted Date:01 May 2020, Published Date:04 June 2020
Objectives: To compare the services and technologies of automatic train ticketing systems. Methods: The Internet of Things (IoT), Radio Frequency Identification Technology (RFID), Quick Response Code (QR Code) and Near Field Communication (NFC) are used for automatic ticketing in the trains as well as in buses. A comparison of different machines is also done that are used for tickets-generation, ticket checking, punching machines like QR scanner, BT Services, RFID. Findings: Results are compared with manually checking (by the person) for the validity of the ticket. After the comparison of different technologies and services to find the advantages and disadvantages of each in terms of time and cost, a new method/ technology is introduced for local train ticketing system that is better and more robust than previously used technologies and services.
Keywords: Automatic Train Ticketing System (ATTS); RFID train system; NFC train system; QR train system; Tickets Generation Machines (TGM); Tickets Punching Machines (TPM); Near Filed Communication (NFC); Automatic Tickets Checking Method (ATCM)
© 2020 Abbas, Iqbal, Ahmad, Naveed, Qudoos. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)
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