Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 25, Pages: 1-8
Jong Im Kim1 , Youngshin Song1 ,Ji Hyun Lee2 *, Hyun Joo Kim3 , Eun Jeong Hong4 , Sun Ae Kim5 , Young Suk Jun6 , and Ock Ja Chang7
1 College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; [email protected], [email protected]
2 College of Nursing, Kyungwoon University, Gumi, Republic of Korea; [email protected]
3 Department of Physical Therapy, Korea National University of Transportation, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea; [email protected]
4 Department of Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation, Korea National University of Transportation, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea; [email protected]
5 Department of Nursing, Kkottongnae University, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea; [email protected]
6 Department of Nursing, Woosong College, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; [email protected]
7 Department of Nursing, Hyejeon College, Chungcheongnam-do, Republic of Korea; [email protected]
The purpose of this study was to describe the degree of depression, stress, and self-esteem according to treatment phase in patient with breast cancer in Korea. We also investigate the relationships between depression, stress, and self-esteem in breast cancer patients. The participants were 168 female patients with breast cancer who were inpatients at a university hospital. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaire utilizing the BDI-K scale, the BEPSI-K scale, the Self-esteem scale.Data were analyzed with SPSS WIN18.0 program for descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlations, ANOVA, and Scheffe tests. The level of depression and stress were 28.14 ± 12.47 and 3.48 ± 1.15. And the score for self-esteem was 26.29 ± 3.97. The preoperative group had a statistically significantly higher depression compared to other groups (F = 11.687, p<.001).Thepreoperativegrouphadastatisticallysignificantlyhigher stress comparetothechemotherapygroup(F=7.953, p = .001). Self-esteem did not show statistical differences among the groups. Depression showed significant correlation with stress (r = .406, p < .001), self-esteem (r = –.425, p < .001). Stress showed significant correlation with self-esteem (r = –.344, p < .001). These results found this study suggest that for the better understanding and help toward the patient of breast cancer. Future nursing research should be directed toward the implementation and evaluation of interventions the increase self-esteem and decrease depression and stress in breast cancer patients.
Keywords: Breast Cancer, Depression, Self-Esteem, Stress
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