Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2021, Volume: 14, Issue: 34, Pages: 2766-2772
P Naresh Kumar Reddy1,2, Dadamiah P M D Shaik3 , D Nagamalleswari2 , K Thyagarajan4 , P Vishnu Prasanth2∗
1 Research Scholar, Department of Physics, JNTUA, Anantapuramu, 515002, India
2 Department of Physics, Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, A. Rangampet, 517102, India
3 Department of Physics, Lords Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, 500091, India
4 Department of Physics, JNTUA College of Engineering, Pulivendula, 516390, India
∗ Corresponding author:
Received Date:01 August 2021, Accepted Date:05 October 2021, Published Date:25 October 2021
Objectives: Green synthesis of Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles using Calotropis gigantea (CG) plant leaf extract. Methods: Environmental ecofriendly green approach is used to synthesize nanostructured TiO2 nanoparticles by using TiCl4 as a precursor and C. gigantea plant leaf extract as a catalyst. The secondary metabolites in the CG plant leaf extract help to transform the Ti4+ ions to TiO2 nanoparticles. The detailed structural properties are studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The phase formation and chemical state of the prepared samples are examined by Raman and Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The vibrational frequencies between the bonds of atoms are studied with Fourier Transform InfraRed spectroscopy (FTIR). The electrochemical properties of green synthesized nanoparticles using cyclic voltammetry (CV) technique in aqueous electrolyte. Findings: XRD data conform to the tetragonal structure of TiO2 in the rutile phase with P42/mnm space group and crystallite size is also found to be 9.84 nm. The SEM and TEM images show that the non-uniform spherical and flowerlike shape of grains with an average grains size of 100 nm. The specific capacitance of the sample is estimated to be 238 F g-1 at a scan rate of 1 mV s-1 with good reversibility. Novelty: The novelty of this research lies in the fabrication of the electrode material with TiO2 3D nanostructures for supercapacitor applications. This kind of morphology certainly enhances the surface area and leads to achieving better electrochemical performance.
Keywords: Titanium tetra chloride; TiO 2 nanoparticles; Green synthesis; Calotropis gigantea (CG) Plant; 3D nanostructure; specific capacitance
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© 2021 Naresh Kumar Reddy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)
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