• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2021, Volume: 14, Issue: 20, Pages: 1615-1621

Original Article

Exploring Awareness About COVID-19 Using YouTube Videos: based on the user engagement

Received Date:03 April 2021, Accepted Date:09 May 2021, Published Date:03 June 2021


Objective Swift desirability of people have arisen towards YouTube videos for keeping abreast of the ever-evolving situation with COVID-19 occurrence. We aimed to determine easy to understand and educationally beneficial ‘awareness videos’ of COVID-19 available on YouTube, based on the viewers’ engagement. Methods: We gathered YouTube videos using the phrases ‘COVID-19 awareness’ and ‘Coronavirus knowledge’. Information retrieved included the author’s and or publisher’s name, the total number of watchers, likes, dislikes, and comments. Educationally useful videos about COVID-19 awareness were recognized based on the viewers’ engagement. Videos with correct knowledgeable content were sorted out from impractical videos. Different variables were measured and correlated for the data analysis. Findings: Out of a total of 41 retrieved videos, only 15 (36.58%) were shortlisted. Upon further extensive evaluation, 10 (66.67%) were found to have excellent audio-visual content, carrying outstanding awareness, hence designated as educationally useful content. The total likes of all the 10 videos and the number of views/days showed a statistically significant correlation (r=0.91, P= 0.000). Also, a significant correlation was found between the total dislikes and views/day, likes/day, but with the association and with the score of the video, and the merits of the video were not significant. Novelty: In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, information gathering through online resources has risen. YouTube undoubtedly attracted a very high viewership. People from all professions started to seek and collect essential information about the COVID-19. A remarkable feature of this study was it permitted laymen and healthcare workers in the community to be aware of the ever-changing issue associated with COVID-19. Moreover, it made easy access to the educational videos available on the topic, making it a trendsetter study in the region.


COVID­19, Pandemic, YouTube, Awareness, Internet Videos, infectious disease


  1. Aker S, Mıdık Ö. The Views of Medical Faculty Students in Turkey Concerning the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Community Health. 2020;45(4):684–688. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-020-00841-9
  2. Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, Ren L, Zhao J, Hu Y, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 10223;2020:497–506. Available from: 10.1016/s0140-6736(20)30183-5
  3. Wang C, Horby PW, Hayden FG, Gao GF. A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. The Lancet. 2020;395(10223):470–473. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(20)30185-9
  4. Rothe C, Schunk M, Sothmann P, Bretzel G, Froeschl G, Wallrauch C, et al. Transmission of 2019-nCoV Infection from an Asymptomatic Contact in Germany. New England Journal of Medicine. 2020;382(10):970–971. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1056/nejmc2001468
  5. Hawryluck L, Gold WL, Robinson S, Pogorski S, Galea S, Styra R. SARS Control and Psychological Effects of Quarantine, Toronto, Canada. Emerging infectious diseases. 2004;10:1206–1212. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1007.030703
  6. El-Zoghby SM, Soltan EM, Salama HM. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health and Social Support among Adult Egyptians. Journal of Community Health. 2020;45(4):689–695. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-020-00853-5
  7. Urooj U, Ansari A, Siraj A, Khan S, Tariq H. Expectations, Fears and Perceptions of doctors during Covid-19 Pandemic. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2020;36(COVID19-S4):37–42. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.covid19-s4.2643
  8. Yan Z, Gaspar R, Zhu T. Emerging technologies, human behavior, and human behavior and emerging technologies. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies. 2019;1(1):4–6. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbe2.111
  9. Abdulghani HM, AlRajeh AS, AlSalman BH, AlTurki LS, AlNajashi NS, Irshad M. Prevalence of diabetic comorbidities and knowledge and practices of foot care among diabetic patients: a cross-sectional study. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy. 2018;11:417–425. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.2147/dmso.s171526
  10. Rogers MA, Lemmen K, Kramer R, Mann J, Chopra V. Internet-Delivered Health Interventions That Work: Systematic Review of Meta-Analyses and Evaluation of Website Availability. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2017;19(3):e90. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.2196/jmir.7111
  11. Alsenaidy A, Tauseef A. A review of current state M Government in Saudi Arabia. Global Engineers & Technologists Review. 2012(2):5–8. Available from: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2003.09.009
  12. Ahmad T, Haque MA, Al-Nafjan K, Ansari AA. Development of Cloud Computing and Security Issues. Information and Knowledge Management. 2013(3):34–43. Available from: https://iiste.org/Journals/index.php/IKM/article/view/3969
  13. Ahmad T, Ansari AA, Akhtar A, Parveen S. Current review of ICT and m-government services in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Computer Engineering and Applications. 2014;7(2):71–77.
  14. Abdulghani HM, Sattar K, Ahmad T, Akram A. Association of COVID-19 Pandemic with undergraduate Medical Students’ Perceived Stress and Coping. Psychology Research and Behavior Management. 2020;13:871–881. Available from: 10.2147/prbm.S276938
  15. Vere J, Gibson B. Evidence‐based medicine as science. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2019;25(6):997–1002. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jep.13090
  16. Al-Senaidy AM, Ahmad T, Ms M. Privacy and Security Concerns in SNS: A Saudi Arabian Users Point of View. International Journal of Computer Applications. 2012;49(14):1–5. Available from: 10.5120/7692-1014
  17. Tilson JK, Kaplan SL, Harris JL, Hutchinson A, Ilic D, Niederman R, et al. Sicily statement on classification and development of evidence-based practice learning assessment tools. BMC Medical Education. 2011;11(78). Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-11-78
  18. Murugiah K, Vallakati A, Rajput K, Sood A, Challa NR. YouTube as a source of information on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Resuscitation. 2011;82(3):332–334. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.11.015
  19. Cooper C, Booth A, Varley-Campbell J, Britten N, Garside R. Defining the process to literature searching in systematic reviews: a literature review of guidance and supporting studies. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2018;18(1):85. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12874-018-0545-3
  20. Abdulghani HM, Haque S, Ahmad T, Irshad M, Sattar K, Al-harbi MM, et al. A critical review of obstetric and gynecological physical examination videos available on YouTube. Medicine. 2019;98(30):e16459. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1097/md.0000000000016459
  21. Ahmad T, Sattar K, Akram A. Medical professionalism videos on YouTube: Content exploration and appraisal of user engagement. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 2020;27(9):2287–2292. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2020.06.007
  22. Gozzi N, Tizzani M, Starnini M, Ciulla F, Paolotti D, Panisson A, et al. Collective Response to Media Coverage of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Reddit and Wikipedia: Mixed-Methods Analysis. J Med Internet Res. 2020;22(10):e21597.
  23. Ache KA, Wallace LS. Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Coverage on YouTube. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2008;35(4):389–392. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2008.06.029
  24. Keelan J, Pavri-Garcia V, Tomlinson G, Wilson K. YouTube as a Source of Information on Immunization: A Content Analysis. JAMA. 2007;298(21):2482–2484. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.298.21.2482
  25. Eglash A. Website Review. Breastfeeding Medicine. 2009;4(2):119. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2009.9994
  26. Pandey A, Patni N, Singh M, Sood A, Singh G. YouTube As a Source of Information on the H1N1 Influenza Pandemic. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2010;38(3):e1–e3. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.11.007
  27. Sood A, Sarangi S, Pandey A, Murugiah K. YouTube as a Source of Information on Kidney Stone Disease. Urology. 2011;77(3):558–562. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2010.07.536
  28. Tourinho FSV, Medeiros KSd, Salvador PTCDO, Castro GLT, Santos VEP. Análise de vídeos do YouTube sobre suporte básico de vida e reanimação cardiopulmonar. Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões. 2012;39(4):335–339. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0100-69912012000400015
  29. Fat MJL, Sell E, Barrowman N, Doja A. Public Perception of Tourette Syndrome on YouTube. Journal of Child Neurology. 2012;27(8):1011–1016. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0883073811432294


© 2021 Sattar et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.