• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2019, Volume: 12, Issue: 24, Pages: 1-9

Original Article

Facial Expression Recognition with Histogram of Oriented Gradients using CNN


Objectives: A new method is introduced in this study for Facial expression recognition using FER2013 database consisting seven classes consisting (Surprise, Fear, Angry, Neutral, Sad, Disgust, Happy) in past few decades, Exploration of methods to recognize facial expressions have been active research area and many applications have been developed for feature extraction and inference. However, it is still challenging due to the high-intra class variation. Methods/Statistical Analysis: we deeply analyzed the accuracy of both handcrafted and leaned aspects such as HOG. This study proposed two models; (1) FER using Deep Convolutional Neural Network (FER-CNN) and (2) Histogram of oriented Gradients based Deep Convolutional Neural Network (FER-HOGCNN). the training and testing accuracy of FER-CNN model set 98%, 72%, similarly Losses were 0.02, 2.02 respectively. On the other side, the training and testing accuracy of FER- HOGCNN model set 97%, 70%, similarly Losses were 0.04, 2.04. Findings: It has been found that the accuracy of FER- HOGCNN model is good overall but comparatively not better than Simple FER-CNN. In dataset the quality of images are low and small dimensions, for that reason, the HOG loses some important features during training and testing. Application/Improvements: The study helps for improving the FER System in image processing and furthermore, this work shall be extended in future, and order to extract the important features from images by combining LBP and HOG operator using Deep Learning models.

Keywords: Deep Learning, Emotion Recognition, Facial Expression, CNN, FER, HOG 


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