• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2010, Volume: 3, Issue: 7, Pages: 759-762

Original Article

Fuzzy logic based model for predicting volcanic activity


This paper describes a fuzzy logic based system to predict volcanic eruption. Meaningful prediction requires careful monitoring of a volcano’s vital signs. Seismometers can be used to pinpoint earthquakes which track the rise of magma and its movement along fissures. Measurements of the tilt of the entire mountain provide additional information about the ‘breathing’ of the volcano as magma moves inside it. Instruments that sniff SO2 , CO2 and other gases also can signal changes in the volcano. At some volcanoes the seismic information seems most reliable; at others the tilt tells the story. But the best predictions come from the combination of all of these methods into a volcano monitoring and prediction system.
Keywords: Fuzzy logic control system. 


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