Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2018, Volume: 11, Issue: 38, Pages: 1-13
S. Kavitha1 * and K. K. Thyagharajan2
1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SSN College of Engineering, Chennai – 603110, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected]
2 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, RMD Engineering College, Chennai – 601206, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SSN College of Engineering, Chennai – 603110, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected]
Background: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the most prominently used image acquisition method for brain tumor diagnosis, treatment and research. Objective: In this paper, a fuzzy qualitative reasoning model for diagnosing the grade of Astrocytoma brain tumor using various subtypes of MR images (T1, T1c+, T2, Flair) is explained with its implementation details. Methods: The fuzzy model is implemented in 5 stages namely preprocessing, segmentation, feature extraction, feature selection and building a Fuzzy Inference System (FIS) for diagnosis. In preprocessing, anisotropic filtering is used to remove noise and artifacts whereas the edge information and smoothness are retained. Then the tumor region is segmented by applying active contour method. From the segmented tumor region, textural and shape features are extracted and stored along with the clinical parameters like age, gender and mass effect of the patient for feature selection. The features are analyzed in different dimensions like image, patient, patient with subtype, to determine the sensitive feature subset and its range that discriminates the grade of the tumor. Based on this outcome a Mamdani based fuzzy qualitative reasoning model is built with optimal rule set for tumor grade diagnosis. Findings: The constructed fuzzy model is validated using real data set of MR images and clinical report of patients. The grade of tumor identified is same as that specified in the patient's report and hence the model provides better accuracy. Novelty: The novelty of this research work are: subtypes of MR images with analysis in different dimensions, identification of optimal rule set (minimum number of rules without ambiguity), recognition of irregular shape tumor, suitable model for any knowledge based diagnosis.
Keywords: Active Contour Method, Anisotropic Filtering, Astrocytoma Brain Tumor, Fuzzy Qualitative Reasoning Model, Magnetic Resonance Images, Optimal Rule Set, Textural and Shape Features
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