• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: 45, Pages: 4200-4210

Original Article

Graces from the Sea: Strengthening Science Curriculum Through a Marine Museum

Received Date:16 January 2023, Accepted Date:05 May 2023, Published Date:06 December 2023


Objective: In many countries, the museum is always part of science education. The primary purpose of this study was to create a marine museum as instructional material in the science curriculum in Japan and the Philippines. Methods: This study used documentary and developmental research to create a marine museum as instructional materials in the science curriculum in Japan and the Philippines. Information Education and Communications (IEC) materials, such as posters, brochures, flyers, and papercraft, were collected from fisheries agencies in Japan and the Philippines. Science teachers and students evaluated the proposed projects. Funding: Japanese and Filipino science teachers are both innovative and creative due to the lack of materials provided by the national government. The museum is one strategy for science learning, but the results showed using ICT is lacking in the proposed innovations. Integrating arts and other concepts is crucial in this time of pandemics and the rapid rise of technology. Thus, the use of ICT needs to improve. A collaboration between computer experts is necessary. Teaching marine education in elementary and secondary becomes interesting and exciting. The innovative approach and strategy would also answer the call of the United Nations – Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) "Life below Water." Novelty: The uniqueness of the results showed that the proposed innovations have the potential to increase awareness of the significance of marine biodiversity to other living things. Also, with the pandemic, science courses are one of the subjects greatly affected due to no contact with learners, and laboratory activities were on hold.

Keywords: Marine Education, Museum, Instructional Materials, Local Resources, Museum, Visual Aids


  1. Asrizal A, Amran A, Ananda A, Festiyed F. Effects of instructional material of natural science with literacy skills of our respiratory and excretory health theme on academic achievement of students. In: The 3rd International Conference on Mathematics, Sciences, Education, and Technology , Journal of Physics: Conference Series,. Padang, Indonesia, 4–5 October 2018. IOP Publishing. 1317:1–7.
  2. Umar H, Kyarma HM, Buratni MA. Effectiveness Use of Instructional Materials in Teaching and Learning of Computer Science in Colleges of Education. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research and Innovations. 2019;7(4):59–65. Available from: https://www.researchpublish.com/upload/book/EFFECTIVENESS%20USE%20OF%20INSTRUCTIONAL-8133.pdf
  3. Peniero TF, Toshihiko M. Science teaching and learning in Japan and the Philippines: A comparative study. Universal Journal of Educational Research. 2020;8(4):1237–1245. Available from: https://www.hrpub.org/download/20200330/UJER14-19515076.pdf
  4. Milutinović J, Selaković K. Pedagogical Potential of Online Museum Learning Resources. Journal of Elementary Education. 2022;15(Spec. Iss.):131–145. Available from: https://doi.org/10.18690/rei.15.Spec.Iss.131-145.2022
  5. Doctors E. Museum-School Partnerships: From Creative Discourse to Resource Development. Department of Art + Architecture, University of San Francisco thesis
  6. Aji CA, Khan MJ. The Impact of Active Learning on Students’ Academic Performance. Open Journal of Social Sciences. 2019;07(03):204–211. Available from: https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2019.73017
  7. Marin RAT, Espinoza BLA. Non-Formal Education as a Foundation for Active Learning. In: Lutsenko O, Lutsenko G., eds. Active Learning - Theory and Practice. 2021.
  8. Hardiman MM, Johnbull RM, Carran DT, Shelton A. The effects of arts-integrated instruction on memory for science content. Trends in Neuroscience and Education. 2019;14:25–32. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tine.2019.02.002
  9. Ferreira JC, Vasconcelos L, Monteiro R, Silva FZ, Duarte CM, Ferreira FC. Ocean Literacy to Promote Sustainable Development Goals and Agenda 2030 in Coastal Communities. Education Sciences. 2021;11(2):1–21. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11020062
  10. Ochavillo GS. A Paradigm Shift of Learning in Maritime Education amidst COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Higher Education. 2020;9(6):164–177. Available from: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1277930.pdf
  11. Lai CS. A Study of the Learning Outcomes on Marine Education. International Journal on Social and Education Sciences. 2021;3(3):589–602. Available from: https://doi.org/10.46328/ijonses.218
  12. Collins JE, Rabone M, Vanagt T, Amon DJ, Gobin J, Huys I. Strengthening the global network for sharing of marine biological collections: recommendations for a new agreement for biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 2021;78(1):305–314. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsaa227
  13. Ovigli D, Colombo PD. Information and communication technologies (ict) in educational research in science museums in Brazil. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology. 2020;16(2):272–286. Available from: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1268774.pdf
  14. Fernandes GWR, Rodrigues AM, Ferreira CAR. Different Theoretical Approaches to the Use of ICT in Science Education. In: Using ICT in Inquiry-Based Science Education, SpringerBriefs in Education. (pp. 39-58) 2019.
  15. Jee BD, Anggoro FK. Designing Exhibits to Support Relational Learning in a Science Museum. Frontiers in Psychology. 2021;12:1–9. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.636030
  16. Bradford L, Diaz A, Schilling R. Expanding Museum Communities: International Perspectives on Access in Exhibition Design and Public Programs. Journal of Museum Education. 2021;46(1):38–47. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/10598650.2020.1842624
  17. Rodrigues J, Silva ECE, Pereira DI. How Can Geoscience Communication Foster Public Engagement with Geoconservation? Geoheritage. 2023;15(1):1–15. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12371-023-00800-5
  18. Monteagudo-Fernández J, Gómez-Carrasco CJ, Chaparro-Sainz Á. Heritage Education and Research in Museums. Conceptual, Intellectual and Social Structure within a Knowledge Domain (2000–2019) Sustainability . 2021;13(12):1–21. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126667


© 2023 Tupas et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.