Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: Supplementary 1, Pages: 1-5
Jeong In Lee1 and Mi Lim Im2*
Background/Objectives: Middle aged men are confronted with unstable state, physically and psychologically. This study was confirmed the correlation among health behaviour, family function, and depression on them, which has been underestimated. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Convenience sampling was performed for selection of 190 middle-aged men residing in a large city. The sample size was estimated to be ≥110 using the G Power 3.1 program with the significance level of .05, the effect size of .3, and testability of .95. Of 220 questionnaires completed, 190 were used in analysis, with the exception of those with poor responses. Results: Statistically significant positive correlation was found between the subjects’ health behaviour and family functions (r = .510, p<.001) and statistically significant negative correlation was found between their health behaviour and depression (r = -.473, p<.001) and between their family functions and depression (r = -.529, p<.001). Stepwise regression analysis was performed to determine the factors affecting depression of the subjects and the results are summarized in Table 3. Regarding goodness-of-fit of the regression model, F-value was 47.256, which was statistically significant (p<.001). R2 value was .329; that is, explanation power for the level of anxiety regarding death was 32.9%. The variables having a statistically significant impact on depression of the subjects were health behaviour (β = -.275, p<0.5) and family functions (β = -.388, p<0.5). Conclusion/Application: Putting the results together, depression of middle-aged men must not be underestimated any longer and systematic intervention should be made in their sociopsychological problems as an effort to lower the level of their depression; for example, by maintaining and promoting positive health behaviour and by developing a mental health program for the whole family.
Keywords: Depression, Family Function, Health Behaviour
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