Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2018, Volume: 11, Issue: 20, Pages: 1-11
N. Bentoutou1,2*, K. Momayiz3 , M. Najy1 , D. Belghyti1 , A. El Yahyaoui2 , G. Acil2 , H. Ech-Chafay1 and A. Chaouch1
1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Agrophysiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality, University Ibn Tofail P.B : 133, 14000 Kenitra-Morocco [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
2 National Center of Energy, Science and Nuclear Techniques, B.P.1382 R. P. 10001- Rabat, Morocco; [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
3 Hassan Premier University, FST Settat, Morocco [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Agrophysiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality, University Ibn Tofail P.B : 133, 14000 Kenitra-Morocco [email protected]
Objectives: To evaluate the physic-chemical quality status of the groundwater of SIDI TAIBI in Morocco and to identify the sources of the pollution. Methods/Analysis: The study covered 21 observation sites while the quality parameters selected and analyzed are physic-chemical parameters such as temperature, electrical conductivity and hydrogen potential. These were measured in situ using portable probes. The analysis of the major elements (cations and anions) was carried out by ion chromatography and bicarbonates by titration in the laboratories of the National Energy Center for Nuclear Science and Technology in Rabat-Morocco. Findings: The results obtained show that most of the physicochemical parameters involved in determining the quality of these waters comply with the standards of Morocco and those of the World Health Organization. However, we obtained non-conformance values for ammonium analysis, nitrates and the hydrotimetictitle. These parameters can be considered as indicators of the degree of pollution of this groundwater originating from the domestic and agricultural activities of the population of the region. Novelty/ Improvement: In the light of these results, as well as those described above, we advocate continuous monitoring of the parameters studied for wells with abnormal values, until the competent authorities connect the villages Region of SIDI TAIBI to the drinking water network and the sewerage network. Also, a campaign to sensitize the population on the basic means and techniques of treatment of water intended for human consumption for the protection the health human.
Keywords: Groundwater, Hydrochemistry, Irrigation, Quality, SIDI TAIBI
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