• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 22, Pages: 1-12

Original Article

Image Enhancement Techniques: A Study


Image enhancement is considered as one of the most important techniques in image research. The main aim of image enhancementis to enhance thequality andvisual appearance of animage, or toprovide a better transformrepresentationfor future automated image processing. Many images like medical images, satellite, aerial images and also real life photographs suffer from poor and bad contrast and noise. It is necessary to enhance the contrast and remove the noise to increase image quality. One of the most important stages in medical images detection and analysis is Image Enhancement Techniques. It improves the clarity of images for human viewing, removing blurring and noise, increasing contrast, and revealing details. These are examples of enhancement operations. The enhancement technique differs from one field to another depending on its objective. The existing techniques of image enhancement can be classified into two categories: Spatial Domain and Frequency Domain Enhancement. In this paper, we present an overview of Image Enhancement Processing Techniques in Spatial Domain. More specifically, we categorise processing methods based representative techniques of Image enhancement. Thus the contribution of this paper is to classify and review Image Enhancement Processing Techniques as well as various noises has been applied to the image. Also we applied various filters to identify which filter is efficient in removing particular noises. This is identified by comparing the values obtained in PSNR and MSE values. From this we can get an idea about which filters is best for removing which types of noises. It will be useful and easier to detect the filters for future research.
Keywords: Filters, Image Enhancement, MSE Calculation, PSNR, Spatial based Domain Enhancement Methods, Types of Noise


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