• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2022, Volume: 15, Issue: 17, Pages: 819-828

Original Article

Implementation of Modified Incremental Conductance MPPT A lgorithm in Grid Connected PV System Under Dynamic Climatic Conditions

Received Date:11 February 2022, Accepted Date:22 March 2022, Published Date:19 May 2022


Background: The main goal of the grid-connected Photo Voltaic (PV) system is to extract maximum power from the array with reduced loss by using an appropriate MPPT method. Methods: A boost converter topology with linear INCMPPT algorithm is used to provide maximum power of 100 kW from the solar PV array to the grid. The integral regulator in the modified algorithm minimizes the error and guarantees exact control of the duty cycle of the DC-DC converter to produce constant DC voltage 500V with a minimum error of 2V. This proposed methodology perfectly matches with the optimal design of the DC-AC converter (inverter) for grid integration. A three-level IGBT-based voltage source inverter and filters are designed to supply pure AC voltage to the existing 100 kW grid. Detailed simulation work is completed using MATLAB/ Simulink software to prove the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm under various temperature (25-50◦C) and irradiance (200-1000W/m2) levels. Findings: The proposed MPPT algorithm is simple and effective in reducing the error required for the duty cycle correction from 0.45 to 0.518 and eliminating the oscillations at MPP. By using this methodology, the output voltage of the boost converter is adjusted to match the reference value. The simulation results reveal the better performance of the grid-connected PV system with the modified incremental conductance MPPT method. This modified INC MPPT algorithm exactly controls the duty cycle of the boost converter to provide better settling time and low ripples in the grid parameters. Novelty: This article provides a simple and effective improved incremental conductance (INC) MPPT algorithm to minimize the tracking error (1.5%). No additional tuning and selection of parameters, computational burden and memory are required for the implementation of the proposed control algorithm.

Keywords: Gridconnected photovoltaic (PV) system; Maximum power point tracking (MPPT); Voltage Source Inverter (VSI); Boost converter; Incremental conductance (INC)


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© 2022 Maheswari & Shanthi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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