Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 17, Pages: 1-7
J. K. R. Sastry1* and K. V. N. M. Ramesh2
1KL University, Vaddeswaram, Guntur District - 522502, Andhra Pradesh, India; [email protected] 2JNTU Kakinada, Kakinada - 533003, Andhra Pradesh, India; [email protected]
*Author of Corresponding: J. K. R. Sastry KL University, Vaddeswaram, Guntur District - 522502, Andhra Pradesh, India; [email protected]
Background/Objectives: The main objective of this paper is to present an n-step binomial model which can be used to price an option under any exotic conditions. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Mathematical models have been presented using which an n-step binomial model can be developed. The model can be used for estimating price of options under n of number exotic conditions that influence the option price. Findings: Pricing of exotic options like Asian, American etc., undertaken through Binomial Trees using only one-step considering maximum and minimum values that can be taken by the underling at the maturity leads to a rough approximation of the option price. The approximation is possible by assuming stock price movements to be in one or two binomial steps during the life of the option. A binomial tree extended to an N-step Model can be used to price various exotic options. A study of the convergence in European option price with respect to Number of steps (N) and variation in price of Asian and American options with respect to confidence factor (k) (proxy for implied volatility) using the maximum and minimum boundaries on the value of k gives the investors the ability to change the value of k so that they can have their own opinions concerning the risk-neutral probability distribution.
Keywords: Binomial Tree, Implied Volatility, Pricing Options
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