Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 14, Pages: 1-6
Balkenje Karagulova1*, Ainur Kushkimbayeva2 , Shynar Kurmanbayeva2 , Aigul AlimKhan2 and Zhazira Kaiyrbaeva2
1Aktobe Regional State University of K. Zhubanov, Aktobe, Kazakhstan; [email protected] 2S. Amanzholov East Kazakhstan State University, Ust-Kamenogorsk, Republic of Kazakhstan
*Author of Corresponding: Balkenje Karagulova Aktobe Regional State University of K. Zhubanov, Aktobe, Kazakhstan; [email protected]
Background/Objectives: Terminology is one of the major issues and important objects of linguistic research. The article focuses on the deep study and analysis of linguocultural nature and morphological structure of terminology in linguistics. Methods: A comparative method has been used in this research for comparison and translation of international and borrowed terms. The historical and comparative methods have been applied while giving facts from the cultural and social life of Kazakhstan. Ethnolinguistic and etymological methods have been widely used in the research to restore some names found in the life of the Kazakh people and reveal their meanings. Findings: The above mentioned methods identified a set of terms of Kazakh national archaisms which proved that they can be determinated. It has been distinguished that the 70 percent of Kazakh terminology in the field law and medicine is international terms. Only 30 percent comprises native terms. Therefore, the authors tried to develop native terminology of Kazakh language through international one. The terms formed in this way can be familiar and understandable to our people, and these terms will get their right place in the language. They can be actively used as they denote our nation’s mentality, culture, and spiritual values. Only then terms denoting our nation’s identity, its history and culture can be formed and actively used in the Kazakh language. An elective course program on philology was elaborated and a textbook on national terminology was compiled by the authors. Application: Archaisms acquired new terminological meanings which will serve as a material for compiling glossaries in law and medicine, as well as a linguistic means for professionals of law and medicine.
Keywords: Culture, Linguistic Culture, Morphology, National Consciousness, Term, National Way of Life, Terminology
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