Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: Supplementary 1, Pages: 1-9
Jae-Ran, Lim1 , Mi-Sook, Jung2* and Hyun-Li, Kim3
1 Department of Nursing, Daejeon Health Sciences College, Daejeon, 300-711, South Korea; [email protected]
2 College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 301-747, South Korea; [email protected]
3 College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 301-747, South Korea; [email protected]
Background/Objectives: The purposes of this study were to explore the type and frequency of material health status and behaviors in immigrant women and to examine factors affecting maternal health outcomes. Methods/Statistical analysis: This cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 106 female marriage immigrants. A well-developed questionnaire was used to measure health-related needs and behaviors and socio-demographic data. The data collection was conducted by face-to-face interview and translators were used when needed. Results: The main findings showed that 33% of participants used birth control methods, 54% performed exclusive breastfeeding for six months, 78% received prenatal care, 67% received postpartum care, 19% had at least one health problem associated with pregnancy, and 21% experienced natural or induced abortion. These indicate that the immigrant participants tend to have somewhat different health problems and behaviors as compared with the general Korean female population. Furthermore, determining factors associated with maternal health outcomes were age, original nationality, employment status, communication experiences with husband and parents-in-law, knowledge about public health center services, and needs for childrearing services in public health centers. Conclusion/Application: Developing culture-specific strategies to improve maternal health outcomes and to communicate effectively with their families is necessary to increase the accessibility of public health services in female marriage immigrants.
Keywords: Health Services Needs and Demand, Health Status, Immigrants, Maternal Welfare.
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