• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2019, Volume: 12, Issue: 25, Pages: 1-11

Original Article

Measuring Sentences Similarity: A Survey


Objective/Methods: This study is to review the approaches used for measuring sentences similarity. Measuring similarity between natural language sentences is a crucial task for many Natural Language Processing applications such as text classification, information retrieval, question answering, and plagiarism detection. This survey classifies approaches of calculating sentences similarity based on the adopted methodology into three categories. Word-to-word based, structurebased, and vector-based are the most widely used approaches to find sentences similarity. Findings/Application: Each approach measures relatedness between short texts based on a specific perspective. In addition, datasets that are mostly used as benchmarks for evaluating techniques in this field are introduced to provide a complete view on this issue. The approaches that combine more than one perspective give better results. Moreover, structure based similarity that measures similarity between sentences’ structures needs more investigation.

Keywords: Sentence Representation, Sentences Similarity, Structural Similarity, Word Embedding, Words Similarity


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