• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2009, Volume: 2, Issue: 2, Pages: 26-29

Original Article

Meiosis in nine species of Jute (Corchorus)


 Meiotic analysis performed in nine species of jute (cultivated species - C. olitorius L., C. capsularis L.; wild species - C. fascicularis Lamk., C. aestuans L., C. pseudoolitorius I. and Z., C. pseudocapsularis L., C. tridens L., C. trilocularis L. and C. urticaefolius W. and A. - Family: Tiliaceae) revealed that C. olitorius (mean/cell: 7II), C. capsularis (mean/cell: 6.98 II + 0.03 I), C. tridens (mean/cell: 6.98 II + 0.03 I), C. trilocularis (mean/cell: 7 II) and C. urticaefolius (mean/cell: 7 II) formed 2n=14 chromosomes at metaphase I always with balanced (7/7) segregation at anaphase I; while, C. fascicularis Lamk. (24.42%-MI; 1.79%-AI), C. aestuans L. (33.33%-MI; 28.57%-AI), C. pseudoolitorius I. and Z. (24.69%-MI; 15.73%-AI) and C. pseudocapsularis L. (2.56%-MI; 0.00%-AI) exhibited numerical variations in chromosome number (n=1,2,3,4,5,6,9,10 and 14) in addition to normal (n=7). Average chromosome association per cell at MI was 0.002 VI + 0.006 IV + 6.98 II + 0.31I in C. fascicularis, 6.55 II + 0.60 I in C. aestuans, 6.60 II in C. pseudoolitorius and 7.08 II + 0.21 I in C. pseudocapsularis. Aneuploidy noted in jute species is attributed to cytomixis. Chromosome in the species were mostly bivalents (6.55 – 7.08 mean/cell; random in distribution – p> 0.05) and rarely univalents (0.00 – 0.60 mean/cell; nonrandomly distributed – p<0.001); however, one PMC with a ring and a chain quadrivalent and one with a chain hexavalent were noted only in C. fascicularis. Bivalents in the species were of ring (1.44 ± 0.13 to 4.68 ± 0.14/cell) and rod (2.32 ± 0.14 to 5.44 ± 0.14/cell) configurations. Excepting C. capsularis, the species formed more of rod bivalents than ring. Ring and rod bivalents were nonrandom (p< 0.001); while chiasmata per cell (8.40 – 11.68) and per bivalent (1.20 – 1.67) was random (p> 0.50) in distribution among species as evident from chi – square test of heterogeneneity. Pollen fertility in the species varied from 59.82% - 96.91%.

Keywords: Corchorus spp., meiosis, aneuploid and polyploid variations, cytomixis. 


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