Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 11, Pages: 1-7
M. Thiruvengadam1*, G. N. Pradeep Kumar2 , D. Sivakumar1 and C. Mohan1
1Vel Tech High Tech Dr. Rangarajan Dr. Sakunthala Engineering College, Chennai - 600062, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected], [email protected], [email protected] 2S.V.U. College of Engineering, Tirupati - 517502, Andra Pradesh, India; [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Vel Tech High Tech Dr. Rangarajan Dr. Sakunthala Engineering College, Chennai - 600062, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected]
Objectives: To review the Darcy’s equation and ascertain the reliability of the present experimental investigations with that of the past study. To present a non-dimensional form of relation between resistant to flow with fluid and particle parameters. To analyze the relation between Reynolds numbers with resistant coefficient (lambda) in ground water flow. Methodology: In order to achieve these objectives, experimental program planned, designed and carried out. Experiments conducted on porous medium of large spread of sizes of different materials in parallel flow permeameter for all regimes of flow. Findings: Experimental results compared with Darcy’s equation and the validity of this equation is verified. A new form of Reynolds number is derived taking hydraulic mean radius as characteristic length and seepage velocity as characteristic velocity absorbing void ratio, volume diameter, and kinematic viscosity. Another non-dimensional form of resistant co-efficient is also derived and used to get unique relation between Reynolds numbers with resistance coefficient. Applications: Observed experimental data applied in Darcy’s equations, and verified in its applicability. The derived equations can be applied in porous medium flow, such that velocity of flow can be determined, from which discharge through porous medium can be estimated.
Keywords: Darcy, Friction Factor, Hydraulic Gradient, Porous Medium Flow, Reynolds Number, Velocity
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